World War II
By Dylan Smeltzer Jared Manning and Theodore Mosby
Franklin D. Rooselvelt
President of the United States of America
Dictator of the Soviet Union
Prime Minister of Great Britain
Important People During WWII
The important people during WWII consist of Adolf Hitler, Josef Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Emperor Hirohito, Franklin D. Rooselvelt, Winston Churchill, and Harry Truman.
- Adolf Hitler - Chancellor and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was a brutal leader and killion about 11 million people. Part of the Axis Powers.
- Josef Stalin - Dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953.He was a relentless ruler. Part of the "Big Three" and part of the Allied Powers.
- Benito Mussolini - Founder of Fascism and the leader of Italy from 1922 to 1943. Part of the Axis Powers.
- Emperor Hirohito - Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989. Approved of the Pearl Harbor attack, which brought the U.S. into the war. Part of the Axis Powers.
- President Franklin D. Rooselvelt -President from 1932 to 1945. FDR led the United States from isolationism to victory over Nazi Germany and its allies in World War II. Part of the Allied Powers.
- Winston Churchill - Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was a hero to Great Britain and was part of the Allied Powers.
- Harry Truman - President from 1945 to 1949. Gave the orders to drop both of the atomic bombs on Japan to end the war.
Important Events During WWII
- Invasion of Poland- Hitler signed a nonagression pact with Poland in 1934 to stop the possibility of a French and Polish alliance against Germany before Germany had the chance to rearm. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and defeated the Polish army within just a few weeks of fighting.
Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941, Japan attacked US naval base in Hawaii and the Japanese destroyed nearly 20 naval vessels and more than 2,000 American soldiers died in the attack. One day later, FDR declared war on Japan, which caused Germany and Italy declare war on the US. This attack made America get involved with the war.
V-E Day - May 8, 1945, the day on which the Allied forces declared victory in Europe.
V-J Day - August 15, 1945, the day on which the Allied forces declared victory over Japan.
- D-Day - June 6, 1944, the day on which the Allied invasion of France via the Normandy coast began.
- Anschluss- 1938, this was when Hitler annexed Austria to Germany.
- The Holocaust- Means total destruction. This was the murdering of six million Jews, or two thirds of the Jewish population in Europe, by the Nazi party led by Hitler.
- Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact-The Soviet Union and Germany made a promise not to attack each other. Hitler gave Stalin control of Eastern Poland and the Baltic States, but later Hitler ended up breaking his promise and attacked the Soviet Union.
- The Atomic Bombs Being Dropped - "Little Boy" was dropped on August 6, 1945 on the city of Hiroshima. "Fat Man" dropped on August 9, 1945 on the city of Nagasaki.
Important Terms During WWII
Here are some important terms from World War II.
- Allied Powers - An alliance during World War II made up of the countries that opposed the aggression of Nazi Germany. Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union were the most prominent members.
Axis Powers - An alliance during World War II made up of the countries that are Germany, Italy, and Japan’s military alliance in opposition to the Allied Powers.
Manhattan Project - The code name for the U.S. government’s secret program to develop an atomic bomb.
- Fascism - A system of government dominated by far-right-wing forces and generally commanded by a single dictator.
- Concentration Camps-The camps Jews were sent to in the Holocaust to be exterminated in. Used gas to kill many Jews at once.
- Auschwitz-The largest extermination camp
- Hitler Youth- A group run by Nazis to turn the children in Germany to Hitler's side. This made them believe in the Aryan or master race, and that Hitler was the most important person.Teachers were hired to spread this message to the children.
- Kamikaze- Japanese suicide bombers used to fly into buildings to destroy them. Used in the attack of Pearl Harbor.
- Blitzkrieg- The strategy of lightning war Hitler used to fight while enemies were off guard.
- Appeasement- The idea Great Britain practiced that declares that if European states satisfied the reasonable demands of the dissatisfied, peace would be achieved in Europe. Caused Great Britain to give Germany things that Germany wanted.
The Summary of WWII
World War II was a devastating war to the entire world. The main people involved in the war were Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Josef Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Hitler was a Fascist leader of Germany who was responsible for the Holocaust, which was the killing of six million Jews. Mussolini was the founder of Fascism and the leader of Italy during WWII. Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1926 to 1989 and was part of the “Big Three,” with Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt, and also a part of the Allied Powers. Franklin Roosevelt, the president of the United States during the war, formed the Allied Powers with Stalin and Churchill.World War II included many devastating events, such as the Holocaust. The United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, which killed many people and destroyed the cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. This action was taken because of the attack on the US Pearl Harbor naval base by Japan, which killed many American troops and sank many ships and aircraft carriers. The war was coming to an end on D-Day, which was on June 6, 1944, when the Allied Powers invaded France via the Normandy Coast. On V-E Day, May 8, 1945, the Allied Powers declared victory in Europe. Finally, on August 15, 1945, the Allied forces declared victory over Japan. The day became known as V-J day ,and was an end to WWII.