Exercise Induced Asthma

By Michael P, A2 11/12/2015

Intro to Asthma

Asthma is a non-communicable disease that affects the way you breathe and makes it harder for you to breathe. Some people have this problem all the time and others just when they exercise. This is called exercise induced asthma. In this brochure I will talk about how EIA can affect you, and what you can do to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Facts on Exercise Induced Asthma

  1. Asthma is a frequent occurring disease which affects your lungs and your breathing. When someone has exercise induced asthma their airways can become swollen, narrowed, and have mucus inside of them.


2. If someone is exercising and breathing hard, their lungs can get flared up and they can have what’s called an asthmatic attack where it can make it hard for them to breathe.


3. If someone has exercise induced asthma it means that they only have trouble breathing when they exercise versus someone who may have an asthmatic attack while just sitting at a desk.


4. Some symptoms of work induced asthma are wheezing, pain in chest, coughing, and shortness of breath that lasts for a while.


5. People who have EIA usually begin to have these symptoms after about 5 to 10 minutes into working out or exercising. When someone experiences those symptoms, they usually peak after 5 to 10 minutes of rest but they fully go away completely after about an hour of rest.


6. Climate can also affect EIA. Colder weather has shown to have made EIA worse and people tend to have more trouble breathing in that climate.


7.There is a difference between being out of shape and EIA. One way you can tell the difference between EIA and being out of shape is when you’re exercising. If you are short of breath and then you begin breathing normally soon, then you are out of shape. For someone with EIA, it may take up to an hour to recover.


8. When you are treated for exercise induced asthma, you then can do any sports that someone without it can do. It may be harder to breathe but you can learn to control it. In fact, 10% of Olympic athletes have exercise induced asthma that have learned to control it.


9. Some sports can more likely than others give you a higher chance of flaring up your lungs and causing an asthma attack. In this case one sport that can cause a flare up or an asthma attack is long distance track. If you have EIA then long distance track will be harder on your lungs than someone without asthma.


10. Don’t worry! There are lots of other sports that you can do that are less likely to cause asthma attacks. Some sports include football, baseball, gymnastics, etc. So don’t you fret there are lots of other sports to be played.

How you can maintain a healthy lifestyle


  1. If you do have exercise induced asthma, your doctor will give you medicine that could help with any flare up. This is called a “pretreatment.”


2.A pretreatment is a medicine that will help open your airways and allow oxygen to flow easier instead of through a tightened up airway. Whenever you have a flare up or an "attack”, you can take this pretreatment, or medicine, and it will give you quick relief for a while and help you start breathing normally again.


3. Many things can cause flare ups but the most common flare ups happen because of too much exercise, smoking, animals if allergic, pollen if allergic, and more. To avoid any flare ups or asthma attacks, you should avoid coming in contact with any of these things..


4. When you are about to run long distances or it is cold out, is is best to take your pretreatment before doing any exercises. It will help open your airways and allow more oxygen into your body to make it easier to breathe.


5. Lastly, when you have trouble breathing, take deep, slow breaths, doing this will not only bring oxygen to your lungs, but calm down your airways and stop the flare up.

Bibliography

"Tragic Death Sheds Light on Asthma's Dangers." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.


"Exercise-Induced Asthma." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Joseph. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Feb. 2014. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.