What is Cholesterol
By, Benjamin Trigg
What Are LDL and HDL?
How do LDL and HDL differ structurally and functionally?
Structurally - a general structure includes a core, which contains cholesterol esters and a surface monolayer of phospholipid, unesterified cholesterol and specific proteins; the difference is LDL has high density due to high protein/lipid ratio (50% cholesterol, 25% protein), and HDL is the highest in cholesterol esters and is made of 20% cholesterol and 50% protein
Why do doctors monitor the concentrations of LDL and HDL in patients’ blood?
How are the concentrations of LDL and HDL associated with the risk for heart disease and associated disorders?
What other molecules in a patient’s blood are monitored along with LDL and HDL?
What do the results of a cholesterol test mean? How do patients interpret each value?
What can patients do to change the levels of LDL and HDL in their blood?
How does intake of unsaturated, saturated, and trans fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?
Saturated - raises the level of cholesterol in blood; high levels can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke
Trans - partially hydrogenated, raises LDL, which can clog arteries and cause heart disease, and lower HDL
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Unit 4 Study Guide flashcards | Quizlet. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://quizlet.com/62884643/unit-4-study-guide-flash-cards/
Why Do Doctors Monitor the Concentration of LDL & HDL? | LIVESTRONG.COM. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/144497-why-do-doctors-monitor-the-concentration-of-ldl-hdl/