What would Canada look like in the future? By: Safeer Zaidi

Canada in the future?

Canada is a developed country and one of the most wealthiest countries in the world. Canada is one of the best places to settle in, for even the simplest of reasons for example education and health care. Many more positive reasons to be living in Canada, but Canada does also have its downs. So the question is, how would Canada turn out in the future? Will Canada get worse? Or will Canada be a better place to live?


Canada Today


Canada has a small population considering the fact that it is the 2nd largest country in the world... The population is only 35 million sitting down at 37th most populated country in the world (2014). The graph below shows how much the population increased since mid 1800's to the upcoming present (2015). Come a long way eh?

Fun Fact! The population of California located in The United States of America is more populated than the whole country of Canada, and California is just a state.

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Population Growth Rate

The population growth rate of Canada is actually very low, like I mentioned earlier Canada has a pretty small population compared to the size of the country. The growth rate is only 0.76%. In other words the population increases in very little portions each year. Canada is ranked 144th in the world. Population wise Canada isn't the best.

The Natural Increase rate of Canada is 2.41, which isn't very good because developed countries should have a negative natural increase rate. A positive increase rate shows countries that are still developing. Canada's population is still increasing.

Birth/Death Rate

Next up the birth rate of Canada, which is 10.29/1,000 population. The birth rate of Canada is not the best in this time. Canada is ranked 188th in the world for the birth rate, not many babies are born here in Canada mostly because a lot of families choose to have 1 or 2 babies instead of having 5 or 6 which would be the number of children other families would have in places like Africa for example. Families choose to have a low amount of babies because of financial purposes and or they prefer to have that many.

The Death rate of Canada however is better than the birth rate 8.31/1,000 population. Canada is ranked 89th in the world. The population pyramid below represents both the birth rate and the death rate. The bottom of the graph where the ages begin at 0-4, you can see that not many babies are born and the bars are low compared to the others. . Although the bottom bars are small, the top bars which would represent the death rate and as you can see people live up to a good age until passing away. However, The infant mortality rate is 4.71 deaths/ 1,000 live births, and the mortality rate for Canada is actually good. Since not many babies die at birth and Canada is ranked 182nd in the world for that.

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Life Expectancy

The Life Expectancy in Canada is pretty good at the moment. An average person will live to at least 81 years old. The average female tends to live longer than the average male, females would live up to approximately 84 years old and males live up to approximately 79 years of age. As you can see on the population pyramid below, after the age of 80-84 the bars start to drop down very low and therefore showing that Canadians will most likely to live up to 81.

Another thing you'll notice is that the male and female bars are the same until the ages of 75 to 79, which is where the female bars are longer than the males. That shows that females would live longer than males. The middle of the graph seems to be the most significant, the ages of 45-59 are standing out the most because they are the "baby boomers".

Canada 2060

Population 2060

In the future in 2060, Canada's population disappointingly doesn't increase by much. The population in 2060 will be an estimated 47-50 million. Around 45 years later the population will only increase by 17-20 million, then you look at other countries which the population will increase 2 times more than Canada's increase. As you can see on the graph below that the population does not increase that much, but Canada did however succeeded in increasing it even by that much.
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Population Growth Rate 2060

My prediction is that the Population growth rate decreases. Since the population growth rate in 2014-2015 is already low and since the population is growing slowly, I assumed that the growth rate would've decreased. As you can see on the graph below the growth rate drops significantly and that is my reason to believe that the growth rate will sink low by the time 2060 arrives.
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Birth/Death Rate 2060

The birth rate for Canada in 2060 actually DECREASES, from being an okay 10.29/1000 to approximately 9/1000. The birth rate seems to go down because of the choices that families make. Like I said earlier families usually choose to have 1 or 2 children instead of large families for financial reasons and etc. Here in 2060 a lot more families are choosing the option of having very few children. How does this affect Canada? Well this should be a reason why the population isn't growing very much and why the population didn't grow a lot more than 17-20 million in 45 years. Also on the two population pyramids below, you can clearly see the difference between the birth rates in 2015 and 2060. The bottom part of the pyramid in 2015 is more wide than the bottom part of the pyramid in 2060. Representing that the birth rate will go down.

The death rate however goes down, which is a good thing. More people start to live longer which is good for Canada. If you compare the two Population pyramids below, you can see that the top part of the Pyramid in 2060 is thinner than the top part of the 2015 Pyramid. Representing that Canada's death rate goes down. The reason behind that is because Canada's health care mainly will be more advanced and taken up a notch.

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Life Expectancy

The life expectancy in Canada improves by the time 2060 arrives. Life expectancy in Canada by then will be about 86 years of age for both male and female. As you can see the 2015 population pyramid, the very top of the pyramid is thinner than the one on the 2060 pyramid which represents that more people are beginning to live past the age of 81. They are now averagely living up to the age of 86.

Again, females live longer longer than males. The female side at the age of around 80-84 is when the male side starts to drop lower and you can see the life expectancy difference. Females in 2060 will live up to 88 years of age, and males will live up to the age of 83. Females will live 5 years longer than in 2015 and males will live also 5 years longer than in 2015. But the life expectancy difference is greater than in 2015. In 2015 females live only 4 years longer than males but in 2060 females live 5 years longer than men.


Canada Today

Immigration/Emigration to Canada

The average amount of people who immigrate to Canada is about 250, 000 people per year. That makes up about 1% of our population today. The amount of people emigrating to Canada is probably not as much as the people immigrating to Canada each year but I estimate that around 100,000 a year. The graph below represents the number of immigrants that came to Canada over the past 150 years or so and the result of that is less immigrants than we had in the past, but luckily the number of immigrants seem to be increasing and that might continue on to the future.
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Push and Pull Factors

Canada is overall a very nice country to be settled in. Canada is a developed country and still growing to be one of the greatest places on earth (in my opinion). Many people were brought to Canada simply being pulled in by it's pros. But Canada isn't perfect just like every other country. Which leads into the next topic. Push and Pull Factors.

Canada doesn't have many push factors compared to other countries like for example China or India. In Canada there is a lot of racism, towards every race. Doesn't matter if you are white, dark skinned or Asian you'll still always face racism. Even though racism is something that occurs all around the world, a country like Canada where we are a multicultural country would have a a great deal of racism since all races would be living here. Racism can be a strong reason for many people to want to leave. Canada has a problem with jobs. Many people, especially young people, have a hard time getting a job and there a lot of unemployed people. The unemployment rate in Canada is 6.6% which isn't very bad but not for the unlucky people who is part of that percentage. At least 170,00 people would be unemployed each month. Lastly, the climate in Canada can really push people away. It is usually the harsh winters that make people want to leave. Just this year, 2015, February was the coldest ever in 115 years... Yup, that's Canada for ya!

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We should be lucky that we already live in Canada, because Canada has many pull factors that are very important to people who would want to live a good life. FREE HEALTH CARE! That should be one of the biggest attractions to Canada. Canada offers free health care, for example if you were to get hurt and taken to the hospital you wouldn't have to pay a dime for treatment. We gratefully have our government for that, they pay for the health care. Next up, another heavy pull to Canada and that is EDUCATION! Canada has very good education. High standard education to be precise. In fact education in Canada is also free and anyone can attend. Up until high school of course, university and college is what you must pay for. But you have the opportunity of a scholarship which would get you into a college or university for free. There are 15,500 schools in Canada (approximately) and therefore you have that many choices of schools to choose from. Canada is a multicultural country and you are allowed to practice you religion and such freely. There is no law or anything that refrains you from practicing your religion.

Where do most immigrants come from?

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  • 3.9% of immigrants come from The United States
  • 13.7% of immigrants come from Europe
  • 56.9% of immigrants come from Asia
  • 12.3% of immigrants come from South America
  • 0.6% from other countries
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Canada 2060

Immigration/Emigration to Canada 2060

There will be more people immigrating to Canada in 2060. I predict that approximately there will be close to 500,000 people who immigrate to Canada per year. The amount of people immigrating to Canada seems to be going to be doubled, in 2015 250,000 people were immigrating to Canada but the amount f people were still increasing. Year after year More people will start to immigrate to Canada. Simply because more people in the future will have a chance to leave their origin countries due to upcoming advancement in technology and the world will be more developed than it was in 2015. The amount of people emigrating to Canada, I also predict that it will increase as well. Not as much as the amount of immigrants coming in each year but around approximately 200,000 emigrants will come in each year. Yes the amount of emigrants from 2015 will be doubled in 2060.
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Push and Pull Factors 2060

Years later, time passes by. Canada will most definitely change. My prediction for how the push and pull factors is that there will be the same amount of push factors and more pull factors. Like I said before, a country can never be perfect.

Racism, to be fair Canada always tried their best to raise awareness about this issue. Stopping it from going and such, creating t.v commercials and making ads based on how it should be put a stop to. Racism however won't go away, that is what I predict. It is an inevitable problem that Canada will be stuck with, mostly because of the different races around. Higher taxes will be added since new medical gear and such isn't something the government can just buy on their own, they are going to need some sort of contribution from the population. Lastly the climate in Canada doesn't seem to be changing anytime soon. Meaning people will still have to deal with the harsh winters, and the winters here in Canada aren't for everyone so people will want to leave for that reason.

There will be more pull factors! Canada will give more reasons to attract people in. Starting with the basics. Health care will be more improved in 2060, since the future has arrived technology and such will become better and since the newer, younger generations will become in charge of things. These new generations will have more knowledge and more skill than the generations before them, and that leads to a better future for our Health care here in Canada 2060. Next up education. Education will also be highly improved. The world is a place to always find and discover new things, and when the world does it usually gets taught so people will become knowledgeable about these new things. Schools will have more to teach and children who will be growing throughout the school years will come join into a workforce and bring that new knowledge from school with them. Also education will still be FREE! Job opportunities will start to increase. In 2015 there were troubles with getting jobs but the unemployment rate in Canada will decrease from 6.6% thus making more jobs available for people. Also freedom to practice religion will still stand and no one will say anything about that, and last the multiculturalism will bring in more people as well since people from different countries can have an easier time to fit in. All these would be the things that pull in the new immigrants.

Where do most Immigrants come from in 2060?

In 2060 most of the immigrants will be coming from Asia. The continent of Asia is becoming the most popular place that immigrants are coming because of the very populated countries which have the biggest push factors. Many countries are going through war, over population, government oppression, freedom being taken away, and even something like Gendercide is making people leave and come to Canada for a chance at a better life.

For example, Iraq has been undergoing war for sometime and war is a major reasons for people to want to leave. So countries like Iraq in Asia, people will be coming from. China also has a big push factor and that is the one baby law. That law comes into the citizens freedom, the freedom of having children. So families that want more than one child will want to come to Canada where you're allowed to have as many babies as you'd like. Lastly India. India has an issue rising up and that is Gendercide. Which would mean life for females will be a struggle. Families who want to avoid that problem will come to Canada.

My prediction is that the most amount of immigrants will come from Asia. Like in the graph below which shows that immigrants are mostly coming from Asia.

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Canada Today

First Nations People Today

There are 1, 400, 865 first nations people in Canada today, this makes up about 4% of our population. Out of the aboriginal population 61% is made up of the First Nations people. There is a fair amount of First nations living here in Canada. As you can see on the graph below, the aboriginal population has differences between the normal population. As you can see the aboriginal population has a higher birth rate than the normal population but they have a higher death rate. Normal Canadians have a lower death rate and are expected to live much longer.
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First Nation Issues

First Nation people believe that Canadians don't care much about them. The Indian act (click on the red button below to see what it is) basically protects the First nation communities and allow them to stick together, and Canada will give them what is needed to live. But First nations believe that Canada aren't living up to what they said they'd do and that creates issues. Problems like education, first nation people have a high drop out in Canada. The video below will tell you more.

After watching the video, it should prove my point that First nation people face a lot of issues.

11 facts about the gap between First Nations and the rest of Canada

Solutions coming up

But recently, Canada are beginning to live up to what they say. For example, Stephen Harper put in over $1 billion in school funding which is a good start to make life better. Another thing was money was put into fixing up new infrastructures and first nation reserves. Overall, the problems that first nations went through are moving away little by little. Canada still has a lot to do to fix this problems that first nations go through

Canada 2060

First Nations in Canada 2060

I predict that the first nations population will increase. It will increase a good amount. I think that the first nations population will grow up to at least 2 million over. If you look up back at the population pyramid between the Aboriginals and normal Canadians, the birth rate for them is really high. I also think that the death rate will decrease because of the advancement in technology.

Will First Nation Communities Improve?

Yes, first nation communities will improve, as i mentioned earlier money is being put in for the benefit for the first nations people. Education for example. More schools are being made for the first nation people. Which would mean education will improve for the first nations people. More job opportunities for them will be available because there will be less drop outs and there will be more of a first nation workforce. This will also be a good thing for Canada, since the economy will start to expand even more since more first nation people will start to contribute and help make Canada an even better place. Next money is being put in to make more reserves and infrastructures for the first nations people. Canada will begin to give first nations the same class normal Canadians get. First nation people will also get more chances to practice their religion and such. The future will be a better time for the First nations.

Life in 2060


Life In 2060 by Arsenal

Answer is... Canada will turn out just fine!

Canada seems to be headed in a bright future, improving along the way to 2060. There will be some downs but like I said before... Not every country is perfect.

Thank you for viewing my smore!

By: Safeer Zaidi

Sources and Refrences