Valentin and Pierce

Cells and Cell Structure

Cell Organelles

Nucleus- controls all cell activity

Nucleus Membrane- Protects and encloses DNA

Nucleolus- produces ribosomes

Cytoplasm- Keeps organelles in place and is the soup like region

Cell Membrane- controls what enters and exits the cell (phospholipid bilayer)

Ribosomes- produce proteins

Golgi Apparatus- packages and transports proteins

Smooth ER- creates hormones and lipids

Rough ER- transports ribosomes

Centriole- fused microtubes that help give support and structure for the organelles

Lysosome- break down materials in the cell

Mitochondria- produces a usable energy for the cell

Vacuole- hold H2O in the cell and other materials

Chloroplast- creates food for the cell through the sunlight

Cell Wall- gives structure and is the frame work in plant cells

Lipid Bilayer- layer of the cell that allows things to enter or exit; made of phospholipids

Cell Transport- includes passive and active transports

Active Transports includes energy needed to move items in and out the cell which are endocytosis, exocytosis, and Na/K pump.

Passive Transports does not require energy and examples are diffusion which is movement of particles from a high to low concentration; facilitated diffusion which requires assistance from a protein(glucose diffusion); osmosis which is movement of water through a semipermeable surface(hypotonic, hypotonic, and isotonic).

Cells Cells - Parts of the Cell Rap
In Da Club - Membranes & Transport: Crash Course Biology #5
Old & Odd: Archaea, Bacteria & Protists - CrashCourse Biology #35