Rene Descartes

Father Of Modern Philosophy

French mathematician and philosopher

Founded analytic geometry.

algebra + geometry.

1620's

Mind-body dualism/problem

The mind-body problem in philosophy examines the relationship between mind and matter.


Essence of matter is extension, and that the essence of mind is thought.


Mind that, in human beings, was directly related to the brain.


The mind is formed of a distinct type of substance not governed by the laws of physics.

Practiced medicine without charge, attempted to increase human longevity.

Optimistic view of science to improve the human condition.