As part of an effort to align German arts and culture with Nazi ideas"Gleichschaltung", university students in college towns across Germany burned thousands of books they considered to be “un-German,” heralding an era of state censorship and cultural control. Students threw books pillaged mostly from public and university libraries onto bonfires with great ceremony, band-playing, and so-called “fire oaths.” The students sought to purify German literature of “foreign,” especially Jewish, and other immoral influences.
On the day of book burnings in Germany, massive crowds march from New York’s Madison Square Garden to protest Nazi oppression and anti-Jewish persecution.
A German college burning most of there library.
German soldiers burning book at a school.