- Human concepts that represented terrestrial forces in their world.

- After the third millennium BCE the human concepts grew stronger from nature gods into city gods.

- Polytheistic (more than one god) religion.


- Surrounded by Euphrates, and Tigris river.

- Cities of Sumerian Kingdom Eridu, Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Nippur, and Kish.

- Occupied lower part of the area, near the Persian Gulf.

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Literature and Communication

People and Government