Mid-Year Review

Chemistry, Earth History, Infectious Disease

Chemistry- 8.P1- Understand the proprieties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in a open and closed container

-Physical and Chemical Properties

-Physical and Chemical Change

-Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures

-Periodic Table

*Groups and Periods

*Metals, Non-Metals, Metalloids

*Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons

-Law of Conservation of Mass

-Vocabulary

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical Properties: Odor, Mass, State, Density, Volume, Color. Can be observed or measured without changing it.


Chemical Properties:

Chemical Properties: Flammability, Reactivity. These properties can only be observed during a chemical reaction. Describes matter based on its ability to change into new matter with different properties

Physical and Chemical Change

Physical Change:

Does not form a new substance ( bread and butter),(Chopping up vegetables)


Chemical Change:

One or more substance are changed into new substance that have new and different properties ( A new color appears), (Heat,Light or sound is given off or absorbed), ( The change is difficult or impossible to reverse)

Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures

Element:

A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance by any chemical means.


Compound:

Substance formed when two or more elements are chemically combined


Mixtures:

Combination of two or more different substance that is mixed but not combined

Periodic Table *Groups and Periods *Metals, Non-Metals, Metalloids *Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons

Group:

Go horizontal on the periodic table in columns


Periods:

similar properties in row of the periodic table


Metal on the period table:

The metals have a moderate range of reativity and a wide range of properties . In general they are shiny and good heat and electricity


Non Metals:

Are not able to conduct electricity and heat very well as non-metals. They are very brillte

and can not be made into wires or pounded into sheets


Metalloids:

Metalloids are the elements found along the stair-step line that distinguishes metals from non-metals


Atomic Number:

is a number where you can find it on the periodic table and it tell you the the number of protons and electrons


Atomic Mass:

the mass of an element


Protons:

found in a atom of an element and the same as the atomic and is part of an atom


Element:

Is part of an atom of an element and is the same as the atomic number


Neutrons:

found in an atom of an element and can is found by subtracting the atomic mass from the atomic number.


Law of Conservation of Mass:

States that matter can be changed from one form into another, mixture can be separated

Earth History

Law of Superposition

-Index Fossils

-Ice Cores

-Geologic Time Scale

-Relative and Absolute Dating

-Half-Life/Radioactive Decay

-Vocab.

Law of superposition:

The postion of undisturbed rock layers like the youngest rock layer is at the top and the oldest rock layer is at the bottom


Index fossil:

A fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found


Ice cores:

Cylinders of ice obtained into a glacier with different layers of ice are formed over time through build-up of snow. they provide the climates from different periods


Geologic Time Scale:

The period of time covering the physical formation and development of the earth


Relative and absolute dating:

Relative dating is the age of an object in comparison to another without needing to determine its absolute age

Absolute dating is finding the absolute age of that object


Half-life/Radioactive Decay:

The time taken for the radioactivity of a specified isotope to fall to half it's original value.

Infections Diseases



-Microorganisms

*Virus, Bacteria, Fungi, Parasite

-Epidemic vs. Pandemic

-Prevention/Treatment

-Biotechnology

*Careers

*Agriculture, Medicine, Economy

-Vocab.

Microorganism (Virus,Bacteria, Fungi, Parasites)

Virus- small infection that reproduce only inside of living cell and then spreads and can cause disease


Bacteria- Microorganism made up of a single cell that has no distinct nucleus


Fungi- A fungus is any member of a large group of Eukaryota organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.


Parasites- an organism that lives on or in an organism of another species, known as the host, from the body of which it obtains nutriment.


Epidemic vs. Pandemic:

Epidemic is a widespread out break of an infectious disease within a small population or community.

Pandemic is an out break of an infectious disease that affects large populations.


Prevention/Treatment:

Prevention can be raising awareness, Education on the disease, Good Hygiene, Vaccines/Antibiotics

Treatment can be seen as treating a diseases but different diseases require different treatment


Biotechnology the use of living cells, bacteria,etc.to make useful products like crops.


Careers

ActionsBioScienece.org, BioJobnet.com


Agriculture, Medicine, Economy:

Agriculture the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products


Medicine the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease


Economy the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.