Switzerland

By: Isabella Sagman

General Information of Switzerland

Switzerland is located in the continent of Europe, surrounded by Austria, Liechtenstein, France, Italy, and Germany. Switzerland has many interesting things to learn about, like geography, culture, government, economy, religion, language, and more! Switzerland is a very interesting country, believe me, so read on! (Picture from http://switzerlantheworldmostbeautifulplace.blogspot.com/2012/04/switzerland-flag.html)

The Geography of Switzerland

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Switzerland's Climate

In the summer, Switzerland is sunny and warm-ish while in the winter, it is really cold and snowy. The highest temperature in Switzerland ever recorded was 106.7 degrees Fahrenheit. The lowest temperature in Switzerland ever recorded was -43.2 degrees Fahrenheit. (Picture from http://graduateland.com/s/internships/switzerland)

Government and Travel

Switzerland's government type is a federal republic. A federal republic is a government divided between national and state powers. The President of Switzerland is Johann Schneider-Ammann. The law making body of Switzerland is made up of the National Council and the Council of States. Switzerland is a limited government. The rights and responsibilities of the citizens of Switzerland is that they have to vote on political elections upon reaching eighteen years of age, they have the right to run for political office, they have the right to freedom of speech, they are able to live, work, study, buy property, and open up business anywhere in the European Union. They are required to preform military service or civilian service if male. In the United States, the rights and responsibilities are the same, except that they are allowed to work, buy, study, live, and open up a business in the US only, unless there are other agreements with other countries. Also, in the United States, there is no compulsory military or civilian service. Switzerland is a member of the United Nations. However, Switzerland practices neutrality. Neutrality when a state or country does not agree to be involved/included in a war between other countries/states. Therefore, that country (in this case, Switzerland) is neutral. Switzerland gives foreign aid to Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Mongolia, Bolivia, Cuba and countries in Central America, but does not receive any. Switzerland has six protecting power mandates: Iran, Iranian interests in Egypt, and Georgian and Russian interests with each other.

Switzerland's Economy

Switzerland's currency is Swiss franc. 1 Swiss franc is 1.01 US dollar as of 2/8/2016. Some things that are exported from Switzerland are medicinal products, watches, jewelry, gold, chocolate, cheese, and wine. There is much more than that, this is only a small portion. The imports are machinery, chemicals, metals, agricultural products, and cars. Germany is Switzerland's largest import partner, followed by Italy, France, the United States, and China. The GDP per capita in Switzerland is 58,100 US dollars, while the US's is 54,400 US dollars. I would consider Switzerland a wealthy country compared to the US because $58,100 is more than $54,400.

Social and Ethnic Groups

The ethnic groups for Switzerland are below:

German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, and other 6%. Compulsory education is that they start school at the age of four and go through school for eleven years. 95% of children go to public schools, paid by public expenditures and taxes, and only 5% attend private school. Children of Switzerland do not suffer from lack of rights. However, immigrant children do. Women are paid less than men and women are in the lower-level jobs. Did you know that Switzerland was the last country to let women vote?! Anyways, Switzerland's literacy rate is 99% male, and 99% female. Therefore, Switzerland educates their people very well, because 99% is a very good literacy rate.

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Switzerland's Religion, Language, and Country Flag

Switzerland's main religions are listed below:

Roman Catholic 38.2%, Protestant 26.9%, Muslim 4.9%, Christian 5.7%, other 1.6%, none 21.4%, and unspecified 1.3%, but Switzerland's main religion is Roman Catholic. The major languages (there are four) spoken in Switzerland are German, French, Italian, and Romansh. Switzerland's flag is above. As you can see, the colors of Switzerland are red and white. The red on the flag stands for hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor and the white stands for peace and honesty. The date the Swiss flag was created was December 12, 1889, but the design was made at about 1480, and that was way before Switzerland was formed. (Picture from http://switzerlantheworldmostbeautifulplace.blogspot.com/2012/04/switzerland-flag.html)

Traditional Holidays of Switzerland

Swiss Traditional Clothing

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Modern-Day Swiss Clothing

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The Swiss Roll

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Recipe for the Swiss Roll

Ingredients

FOR THE CAKE

1/4 cup of sifted unsweetened Dutch process coca powder

1/3 cup plus tablespoons sifted cake flour (not self-rising)

Pinch of salt

3 large whole eggs plus 2 large yolks

4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) unsalted butter, melted and cooled competely

FOR THE FILLING

1/4 cup of water

1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon sugar

2 tablespoons light rum

1 1/4 cups heavy cream

Recipe from http://www.marthastewart.com/319137/chocolate-rum-swiss-roll

Data of Switzerland