In the Older Adult Population
Healthy People 2020
Ways to Take Action
The Center for Disease Control states that people ages 65 and older should complete at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity every week (walking, cycling, etc.) and complete strength exercise at least two days a week that work all major muscle groups. The FAME study found that a 54% reduction of falls was seen among women over 65 who exercised (Hanley 2010).
A balanced diet is important at any age, but in the elderly it is important in repairing and prevent breakdown in muscles and bones. Vitamin D and calcium supplements could be taken to strengthen bones. Adequate protein is also important to promote muscle growth and healing and can be found in meats, nuts and fish (Marks 2014).
A clutter-free home is important in fall prevention. A clear floor with wide pathways make ambulation most adequate. High traffic areas should be carpeted when possible. Hand rails around toilets and walk-in showers and bath tubs can help stabilize a person and prevent these dangerous falls (Marks 2014).
Diet- Although it may be hard to maintain a balanced diet, especially when only cooking for one or two people, supplements are available that can add to your diet if it is inadequate.
Home Modification- Carpeting your entire home may not be realistic, but non-stick shoes and sock options are available that could prevent slipping on wood or tile floors.
Home health care providers- "Provide information you can trust that will strengthen your emotional (and physical) heath, and improve your relationships within your home".
Hanley, A., Silke, C., & Murphy, J. (2010). Community-based health efforts for the prevention of falls in the elderly. Clinical Interventions in Aging. Retrieved February 04, 2016.
Healthy People 2020. (2016, February 03). Older Adults. Retrieved February 04, 2016, from HealthyPeople.gov
Marks, R. (2014). Falls Among the Elderly: Multi-Factorial Community-Based Falls-Prevention Programs. Journal of Aging Science. Retrieved February 05, 2016, from esciencecentral.org.
Schnell, S. (2010). The 1-Year Mortality of Patients Treated in a Hip Fracture Program for Elders. Geriatric Orthopedic Surgical Rehabilitation Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/