Holocaust 1941

Devia & Andrew

What Happened

  • 1941 was the year where the government officials; Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Reinhard Heydrich finally decided to physically annihilate the Jews in Europe.

  • In March of 1941 the German authorities set up an internment camp in occupied France to get rid of the French Jews and the foreign Jews.

  • Ghettos are established. Thousands of Jews are forced to live and work within the confines of the ghetto. Some of the boundaries of the ghettos are made with barbed wire and some, a concrete wall.

  • Sometimes there would be resistance movements within the ghettos. They might be underground and would focus on education and welfare of the people.

  • December 7, 1941 was when Japan attacked pearl harbor. This was the start of the involvement of America.

Pearl Harbor Attacked - NBC News 1941

The Ghettos/ Concentration Camps

1939 and 1941 were the main years for ghettos. Most of the people in the ghettos would be from the local areas. In October, they sent people over to ghettos in other countries to get rid of them as well. Even Jews in other countries were sent to ghettos. --Life in the ghettos was cruel. They were gross and sanitation was nonexistent. disease was rampant due in part by major overcrowding and many slowly died to death because of a shortage of food. Inspite of all this, there were still resistant groups within the ghettos. Parents continued to educate their kids even though it was considered illegal and some Jews still celebrated their religious holidays. --The main goal of the ghettos were to purify the “Aryan Master Race.” At first the persecution only started out as unfair laws and acts and forcing Jews to emigrate. Eventually, in 1941, the law officials decided to physically annihilate the Jews via internment camps and ghettos.

Resistance in the ghetto

In the Vilna Ghetto, people were starting to rise up. After German troops had began an assault on the people in the Vilna ghetto, activists from the various political fractions of the Vilna Ghetto, organized resistance groups against the Nazis. People were writing things to urge the Jews to "fight back" because Hitler is planning on destroying all the Jews and you are first. Two men, Yitzhak Wittenberg and Abba Kovner, set out to unite all the resistance groups in all the ghettos. They encouraged them to take up arms and fight back. They burned German military trains, smuggled in arms, and sabotaged military equipment.


These events effected the world in many ways:

  • The Pearl Harbor bombing caused the U.S. to participate in WWII. It also took the lives of thousands of people.
  • Concentration Camps were practically the demise of the Jewish society by decreasing the number of Jewish people in the world significantly.
  • Ghettos demoralized innocent people and their families, by separating each other with concrete walls through middle of cities.
  • Hitler's sadistic nature, caused much pain through out the world. People sat watching these terrible events, and worried about how their life would be endangered in the future.

What an we as a society learn from these events:

  • We can learn that you never know what is going to happen and that it is better to be prepared for everything.
  • Value every moment of your life because you never know when it could be taken away from you.
  • Violence is never the answer, it always ends up as a disaster.
  • Everyone is is equal and no one should have too much power.


"Time Line of Events." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d. Web. <http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/1939-1941/krakow-ghetto-established>.

"Holocaust Timeline: The Ghettos." Holocaust Timeline: The Ghettos. A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

History.com. "Pearl Harbor." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/pearl-harbor>

Memorial Museum, US Holocaust. "Nazi Camps." Holocaust Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005144>.

Wistrich, Robert S. "Adolf Hitler." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hitler.html>