Types of Government

By Meredith Blossom

Democracy

Democracy is a form of government that lets everyone be represented and have an equal say. Some examples of countries that have/had a democracy government are the United States, Canada, Norway, and Sweden. Democracy has 4 key elements according to Larry Diamond, a political scientist:

1. Protection of the human rights of all citizens.

2. A rule of law, in which all laws apply equally to all citizens

3. The active participation of all citizens in politics

4. A political system for choosing the government through fair and free elections

Republic

Republic is a form of government where power is put in the hands of elected individuals that represent the citizen body. Here are some examples of Countries that have/had a republic government:
  • Mexico
  • France
  • Brazil
  • Dominican Republic
  • China

Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism is a form of government that permits no individual freedom. The totalitarian states of Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler was one of the first and most popular examples of totalitarianism. Here are some countries that have/had a totalitarian government:

  • Germany
  • India
  • South Africa
  • Austria
  • North Korea

Dictatorship

Dictatorship is a form of government where one person or a small group has complete control over a country. Dictatorship is typically obtained by force. Here are some countries that have/had a dictatorship government:

  • Zaire
  • Philippines
  • Nigeria
  • Argentina
  • Russia

Theocracy

Theocracy is a form of government where priests rule in the name of God. Here are some countries that have/had a theocracy government:


  • Israel
  • Egypt
  • Italy
  • Rome
  • Japan

Monarchy

Monarchy is a form of government that is led by a king and/or queen. It is one of the oldest forms of government ever. Here are some countries that have/had a Monarchy government:

  • Belgium
  • Qatar
  • Belize
  • Spain
  • Norway

Sources

"Democracy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy>.


"Republic." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic#Head_of_state>.


"Monarchy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy>.


"Totalitarianism | Government." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <http://www.britannica.com/topic/totalitarianism>.


"Dictatorship | Political Science." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <http://www.britannica.com/topic/dictatorship>.


"Totalitarian Countries." Totalitarian Countries. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <http://www.governmentvs.com/en/totalitarian-countries/model-58-4>.


"Dictatorship Countries." Dictatorship Countries. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <http://www.governmentvs.com/en/dictatorship-countries/model-33-4>.


"Theocracy Countries." Theocracy Countries. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. <http://www.governmentvs.com/en/theocracy-countries/model-38-4>.