The Three wise men
By: Tyrone Gayle
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
JOAN OF ARC
The crown of France during Joan’s time was in dispute between the dauphin, Charles (later Charles VII), and the English king, Henry VI. Henry's armies were occupying much of the northern part of the kingdom with the Burgundians (loyal to the Duke of Burgundy and allied to the English), and the dauphin's state was more tenuous yet, since, five years after his father's death, he still had not been crowned king of France.Joan's village was on the frontier between the two factions, and villagers had already had to abandon their homes. Led by the voices of the saints, in May 1428 Joan traveled to Vaucouleurs, where she asked for permission to join the dauphin and his cause. She and her visions were promptly dismissed, and the 16-year-old Joan went home. The next year, undeterred, she returned
That April, the dauphin provided Joan with several military men, and she was joined in her fight by her brothers Jean and Pierre. Her standard was painted with an image of Christ in judgment, and the banner she would carry into battle bore the name of Jesus. When questioned about the sword she would wield, Joan said that it would be discovered in the church of Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois, and one was indeed found there.Her ensuing strategy was underpinned with rejecting the guarded, nonaggressive strategy that characterized French leadership during the war before her arrival. The cautious approach clearly had not been effective, and Joan sought to change the approach and the tide of the war. On May 4, led by Joan, the French attacked and captured the fortress of Saint Loup, and the next day Joan led a march to a second fortress called Saint Jean le Blanc. Soon in front of the war council, Joan demanded another offensive, but she was rebuked and the city gates locked to prevent her from launching an attack. But Joan and a group of soldiers and townsmen unbolted the gate, and she led a charge against the main English stronghold of Les Tourelles on May 7. During the siege, Joan was shot through the neck with an arrow, but she quickly returned to the fight, her unstoppable spirit bolstering the French resolve until the English capitulated.