How Lady Macbeth Caused Macbeth's Downfall
Literary Devices found in Macbeth
Macbeth starts out in the book as a beloved war hero. For his war efforts Duncan praises him many times. Despite his kindness to Macbeth, Lady Macbeth convinces him that killing Duncan is the right thing to do. Macbeth decides to kill the King, but it comes with a consequence. Macbeth regretting his decision says,"I had most need of blessing, and "Amen" Stuck in my throat" (Shakespeare 55). His choice to kill Duncan leads to his downfall making him a tragic hero.
Another literary device found in Macbeth is dynamic character. At the beginning of the book, Lady Macbeth is seen as a selfish, manipulative wife. Throughout the play, she attempts to persuade Macbeth into killing King Duncan, thus giving Macbeth the next in line, the throne. Her persuasions are successful and Macbeth goes through with the plan. Lady Macbeth shows no regrets and states,"Go get some water and wash this filthy witness from your hand" (Shakespeare 57) as if to say the murder was no big deal and that just washing your hands will make it okay. However in the later acts, Lady Macbeth becomes engulfed in guilt. She sees blood on her hands that can't be removed due to her madness she has succumbed to. This makes Lady Macbeth a dynamic character.
Dramatic Irony is another literary device used in Macbeth. In Act 1 Scene 6, Duncan visits Macbeth to honor him for his efforts in the war. Lady Macbeth hosts are large dinner in the event that the king has come to visit them. In this scene she is very polite, generous, and welcoming towards Duncan saying, "Your servants ever have theirs, themselves, and what is theirs in compt" (Shakespeare 39). This is an example of dramatic irony because Lady Macbeth is being very nice to Duncan when later she is going to kill him.
"Amen" Stuck in my throat
Macbeth was unable to say amen after committing his horrible murder
"Go get some water"
Lady Macbeth thinks washing your hands will make it as if they never killed Duncan
Lady Macbeth is very polite and welcoming to King Duncan.