Cesar Chavez

A hispanic man eager to fight for farm workers rights.

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Early Life

Cesar Chavez was an migrant worker right activist who fought for farmers rights. Cesar was born on March 31, 1927 in Yuma, Arizona, United States. Cesar was born into a poor Mexican family. His family joined the migrant workers and followed the harvests in California in search of money.

Getting Involved

Eager for better rights for farm workers he wanted to make a difference. In 1965, Cesar led the NFWA into a strike against grape growers. He fought for a better pay to the farm worker who were mistreated by the farmers.

Choices & Results

20 years later Cesar led other strikes against farmers who did not respect their workers. By 1960 workers were receiving a higher pay thanks to contracts with the UFW. He would also rise awareness about deadly pesticides.
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In His Words

We cannot seek achievement for ourselves and forget about progress and prosperity for our community... Our ambitions must be broad enough to include the aspirations and needs of others, for their sakes and for our own. -Cesar Chavez

Words for Him

" A few men and women have engraved their names in the annals of change through nonviolence, but none have experienced the grinding childhood poverty that Chavez did"

-Arthur Jones

Legacy

Cesar was a powerful man that stood up for equal rights for the farms workers that were mistreated and underpaid. He lead many strikes against these unfair job practices that farmers were doing to their workers. He went so far against these practices that he would protest in a form of fasting. He would risk his own life by not eating just so the workers could earn respect and a higher pay. Before his death he went on a 36 day fast to raise awareness about pesticides used on the fields. Many believe that he death was due to his 36 day fast. He also won a US medal of freedom and has an official holiday in California on his birthday.

Annotated Bibliography



  1. Cesar Chavez. Dictionary of Hispanic biography. Gale, 1996. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Information of his birth. Information of his poor childhood.
  2. Cesar Chavez. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016 Information of his boycotting and his beliefs. Information of his effects on the workers.
  3. Cesar Estrada Chavez. Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster 1995. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Information about his nonviolence. Information about his strikes about the vineyard owners
  4. Cesar Estrada Chavez. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Ed. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale, 1999. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Information about his organizations. Informations of his sacrifices.
  5. Cesar Chavez. Contemporary Hispanic Biography. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2002. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Description on who was his inspirations. Information on his reasons why he was doing his strikes.
  6. Cuellar, Josè B. "Cesar Chavez". Pollution A to Z. Ed. Richard M. Stapleton. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Information about his U.S Medal of Freedom. Information about his official holiday in California which is his birthday, March 31.
  7. Cesar Estrada Chavez, American labor leader. Profiles of American Labor Union. Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Information of his committees and association. Information of his nationality.
  8. Cesar Chavez. Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Cesar talking to workers about his strikes
  9. Cesar Chavez speaking with grape pickets." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016. Cesar talking to workers about the UFWU.
  10. Cesar Chavez announces the end of a seven and one half years boycott California lettuce... Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lemer, and Adrienne Wilmoth Lemer. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Biography in Context. Web. 9 May 2016 Cesar saying that his boycott against the lettuce and grape industries.
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