Carbon Cycle Project

Kami Berman, Michelle Cooper, Allison Evans & Sam Wycoff

Introduction to the Carbon Cycle

The carbon cycle is a continuous process of moving carbon through events that act upon it and it’s form. There are six events that occur in the carbon cycle, these include surface ocean, deep ocean, plants, atmosphere, soil and marine life. The carbon does not need to go through the process in this specific order. The carbon atom can also go through the cycle many different ways. Also, without the carbon cycle there would be no life on earth.
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Purpose of The Project

A lot of people might think why is carbon so important? Well most living things are made from carbon. Carbon atoms cycle through the earth to different places. Which makes carbon available to all kinds of different organisms, plants and animals.

What would the world be like without carbon? A scenario would be, instead of the Earth being green it would be black. Carbon is basically the circle of life without it there would be no plants and no animals.

Without plants how would we live? Well the answer is we wouldn't, we need plants to survive because they breath in carbon and let out oxygen. We breath in oxygen. So if there were no plants how would we get oxygen? Well we wouldn't. The earth would be black with no living life.

The purpose of our project is to explain and help others understand the carbon cycle and the processes and steps carbon atoms go through, throughout living organisms on Earth.

The Atmosphere

The atmosphere is one of the six events in the carbon cycle. It interacts with the carbon atoms by creating a shell to catch them in after they are released into the air by being burned in the form of fossil fuels and into greenhouse gases. After they have been collected by the atmosphere they are dropped back on earth by traveling through rain. So when carbon is released into the atmosphere it is consumed by clouds and gets rained back down to earth.
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Land Plants

Land plants get carbon through a process called photosynthesis. This means that the land plants take in the carbon from the atmosphere and uses it to grow faster. The carbon atom will continue its journey because when the plant dies the plant will decompose and the carbon will then transfer to the soil or the land plants can let out carbon dioxide through the process of respiration. Respiration for plants is when you intake carbon dioxide and release oxygen back into the atmosphere.
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The Soil

Another one of the six events in the carbon cycle is carbon traveling through soil. Carbon atoms travel through the soil by decomposition. Plants, animals, and other living things all take in carbon so when they die carbon is decomposed into the soil with them. After carbon is in the soil it leaves the soil by being formed into fossil fuels and burned into greenhouse gasses.
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The Surface Ocean

The surface ocean is above the deep ocean. Carbon can travel to surface ocean from many different places for example, one place carbon comes from to get to the surface ocean is the atmosphere, other places it comes from are the deep ocean and marine life. Carbon gets to the surface ocean from the atmosphere by diffusion in the atmosphere. It comes from marine life after the animal dies and decomposes in the water. the carbon that the animal carried before death was now released into the water after death. Finally, it comes from the deep ocean from circulating waters. When the carbon gets to the surface ocean from any of these places it does the same thing as the deep ocean, but it does not stay there for hundreds of years. The carbon from the surface ocean just moves on to the next step in the carbon cycle.
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The Deep Ocean

The deep ocean is below the surface ocean. Carbon can also get to the deep ocean from many different places like marine animals or surface ocean. Carbon gets into the deep ocean from marine animals after the marine animals die. Just like the surface ocean when marine animals die they decompose and the carbon they have gotten from eating other marine life is let out into the ocean’s water and is now a part of the water. The deep ocean can also receive carbon from the surface ocean, this is because of the circulating water flow that has the water move from the deep ocean to the surface ocean and vice versa. That is how carbon gets into the deep ocean, when the carbon gets into the deep ocean it does different things. When the carbon gets to the deep ocean it usually stays there in the water for hundreds of years and then moves on to the next part of the carbon cycle. Infact, the deep ocean holds over 65% of all Earth’s carbon.

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Marine Life

A carbon atom travels to six different places and one of them is marine life. Marine life is all animals, plants and other organisms that live in the ocean. Examples of marine life are fish lobsters, coral reefs, etc.

Carbon is affecting Marine, practically species with shell so that is lobster mussels and oysters, etc. even though carbon disturbs species with shells. Plants in the ocean absorb carbon, if the carbon’s not fixed it can dissolve and that leads to ocean acidification. Ocean acidification is the the decrease of Ph (potential hydrogen). Ocean acidification is on going.

Even though carbon disturbs some marine life. Carbon can benefit marine life they use it for calcium. there is a process called calcification, Marine species use carbonate ion to form calcium. there are so much Marine life in the ocean to absorb Carbon. Carbon that goes in the ocean to marine life, comes from the atmosphere. Carbon atoms come from the atmosphere into the ocean.
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