The Original State of Man
When humans were first created they were born without sin. God gave them preternatural virtues and indispensable love. They had gifts given to them by God such as immunity from sickness, suffering, and death. They enjoyed harmony and self-mastery. As long as they stayed true to God this would not go away.
Original Sin and its Consequences
Life was perfect in the garden for Adam and Eve. But when Adam and Eve ate from the one tree they were not supposed to they disobeyed God and let original sin enter the world. Because of this humanity lost its holiness and their friendship with God. We were all damaged and all of their descendants were born with the Original Sin. We could not fully discern God's laws allowing more sin.
The Word Became Flesh
Jesus came into the world to fulfill God's promise and rid us of the curse of original sin. Their were four main reasons he came to earth: *To make expiation for sin, reconcile man with God, and restore human nature lost by sin. *To manifest the infinite depth of God's love. *To offer a model of holiness. *To allow people to share in his divine life.
The Paschal Mystery
The Paschal mystery is Christ's work of redemption accomplished through his passion death and Resurrection. It is celebrated and made present in the liturgies of the church, and its saving graces are found in the sacrament of Eucharist.
The Theological Virtues
The theological virtues make us more in union with God because we grow in them through prayer and the sacraments. The three virtues are faith, hope, and charity. Faith elevates the natural intellect and moves the will so a person can assent to the truths of Christ. Hope gives the mind and will the power to trust in God. Charity enables a person to love God above all things and his neighbor or himself.
Prayer is how we communicate with God. A regular life of prayer helps someone grow closer to God and understand his will and his mysteries. There are different ways to pray such as, alone, silently, through scripture, with others, and out loud. If you pray you will become more Christlike.
The Four Marks of the Church
The four marks of the church are given to us through the Nicene creed and are , one, holy, catholic, and apostolic. The church is one, meaning everyone is joined in the church through the body of Christ. Holiness we receive through the Holy Spirit in the sacraments. The church is universal, the same throughout the world making it catholic. The church was founded by the apostles and their tradition lives on making it apostolic.
The Last Things
The last things are the final moments of our soul after we die and include death, judgement, heaven, and hell. Judgement is when God examines all we have done in our lives and decides whether we should go to heaven or hell. Heaven is eternal life and happiness with God while hell is eternal punishment in separation from God.
Parusia is a greek word meaning apparition or presence. this speaks about the second coming of Christ on judgement day. God will come forth and judge us all and decide whether we are worthy enough to go to heaven