John Adams

Second president of the United States

Biography


John Adams, the eldest of three sons to John Adams sr. And Susanna Boylston Adams was born October 30, 1735 in Quincy, Massachusetts. John Adams Sr., a descendant of the Puritans immigrated from Somerset, England to Massachusetts Bay Colony in about 1638. John Adams graduated from Harvard and went ahead to become a lawyer.


John Adams first came into public limelight when he criticized the British Stamp Act and the Townsend Act as being unjust in a newspaper. Adams later wrote up a draft of instructions to model what other towns could use to write instructions for their legislature. With his reputation for scrupulous honesty, Adams was elected a delegate to the first continental congress in 1774 and to the second one in 1776. He was the first one in Congress to rise up and demand that the case for independence be issued immediately. Then, as he became a diplomat, he negotiated a loan with the Netherlands to help finance the war, and was later one of three signatories to the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which secured peace with Britain and ended the Revolutionary War. His keen intuition throughout this time helped him make vital decisions like making Colonel George Washington the commander of the army. Even though politically a Federalist, Adams never followed a rigorous pattern of belief that the Federalists advocated and thus neglected to form political bases of his own. Adams later went ahead to become the first vice president and then the second president of the United States. During his presidency he made decisions by himself without consulting with the founder of the Federalist party, Alexander Hamilton and other higher people creating a rift between them. Throughout his time in office, he stuck to his morals and made appropriate decisions thinking as an altruistic person rather than a politician.



Citizenship

A citizen should feel obligated to help his/her community in any way necessary. The fact that John Adams was the second president of the United States and a Founding Father already establishes his will to help strengthen America. Adams fought to fulfill his nation's needs by doing many things such as his time as a diplomat to France along with Benjamin Franklin. Adams helped sign the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution. He also drafted the Massachusetts Constitution which structured the government of Massachusetts. These achievements show that he stepped up in his community and provided what was necessary to help America through difficult situations.


Integrity

John Adams is often described as "The president who was not a politician" for his unconditional integrity. There were many grand acts of integrity he showed during the American revolution. One example would be defending the British Military during the trial of the Boston massacre (event on March 5, 1770 in which British soldiers killed five civilian men and injured 6 others sparking an uproar in the revolution) even though he didn't believe in their views but still felt they were not at fault for the event. Another example would be avoiding a heavily supported war with France (started by the French Revolution that resulted in a downfall of their government, which led America to stop paying war debt to the French) even though he would ruin his political reputation, preventing him to be re-elected in 1800 (Jefferson won the election, and ironically, he was against the French war as well)


Bibliography



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