Second president of the United States
John Adams, the eldest of three sons to John Adams sr. And Susanna Boylston Adams was born October 30, 1735 in Quincy, Massachusetts. John Adams Sr., a descendant of the Puritans immigrated from Somerset, England to Massachusetts Bay Colony in about 1638. John Adams graduated from Harvard and went ahead to become a lawyer.
John Adams first came into public limelight when he criticized the British Stamp Act and the Townsend Act as being unjust in a newspaper. Adams later wrote up a draft of instructions to model what other towns could use to write instructions for their legislature. With his reputation for scrupulous honesty, Adams was elected a delegate to the first continental congress in 1774 and to the second one in 1776. He was the first one in Congress to rise up and demand that the case for independence be issued immediately. Then, as he became a diplomat, he negotiated a loan with the Netherlands to help finance the war, and was later one of three signatories to the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which secured peace with Britain and ended the Revolutionary War. His keen intuition throughout this time helped him make vital decisions like making Colonel George Washington the commander of the army. Even though politically a Federalist, Adams never followed a rigorous pattern of belief that the Federalists advocated and thus neglected to form political bases of his own. Adams later went ahead to become the first vice president and then the second president of the United States. During his presidency he made decisions by himself without consulting with the founder of the Federalist party, Alexander Hamilton and other higher people creating a rift between them. Throughout his time in office, he stuck to his morals and made appropriate decisions thinking as an altruistic person rather than a politician.
A portrait of John Adams
Presidents still pose for portrait paintings today. This is one of many portraits of Adams.
July 4, 1776
A painting showing John Adams and other founding fathers standing in front of George Washington's desk.
The signature of John Adams
His personal signature.
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