Bill of Rights

By : Cobi Reed

First Amendment:

The right to say and write about anything you want.

Court Case:New York times -v- U.S.

In the 1971 case, the federal government attempted to block the New York times from publishing a report that revealed internal government. The supreme court ruled in favor of New York times.

Second Amendment

Citizen have the right to protect their country and themselves.

Court Case: Bliss -v- Common Wealth

Kentucky passed a law against concealed weapons . Bliss was charged a 100$ fine for carrying a sword hidden in a cane. Bliss conviction was tossed out.

Third Amendment

A right that protects soldiers from living in your house.

Court Case: Griswold -v- Connecticut(1965)

In this personal liberty case, the court held that Connecticut could not outlaw the use of birth control by married couples. In conclusion, the Supreme Court ruled that a state's ban on the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy.

4th Amendment

Police need a really good explanation for searching to search through your stuff.

Court Case: Boyd -v- US

In the 1866 case, E.A. Boyd was force to present his belongings. Boyd was unhappy that the government made him do that so he took it to the supreme court. The justices ruled in Boyd's favor, and agreed that he was forced.

5th Amendment

a grand jury decides if you are guilty or not for a crime, you can only be charged once for that crime, you have the right to remain silent during this, and you have to have a fair trial.

Court Case : Miranda -v- Arizona

In the 1966 case, Miranda was accused of kidnapping and rape. Miranda confirms the crime thus having no knowledge of his right to remain silent and right to have in attorney present. So the Supreme Court overturned his conviction.

6th Amendment

Rights that help you in court: Your trial should happen as soon a possible, it also should be held in public, you have a right to a witness and attorney, you can know what charges are against you and who charged them.

Court Case: Sheppard -v- Maxwell

This was a case in which the supreme court overturned a lower court decision due to media ( media, radio, newspaper, etc.) portrayed Sheppard as guilty before trial was complete. In 1966 the supreme court justices ruled the case should have been delayed.

7th Amendment

A jury up a civil case involving a lot of money and, it can be brought up in another case.

Court Case: Tull -v- U.S.

The United States filed a civil suit against Tull for discharging fill material into wetlands in violation of the Clean Water Act. U.S. sought over $22 million and injunctive relief. The district court denied Tull’s motion for a jury trial and entered judgment for U.S. for $325,000. The court of appeals affirmed the denial of a jury trial and the Supreme Court granted cert.

8th Amendment

Your punishment should fit your crime.

Court Case: Francis -v- Resewber

In the 1966 case, W. Francis was accused of murder and had to be executed. They sent him into the electrical chair but because of malfunctions it did not work. His attorney ruled that sending him into the chair a second time would be cruel and unusual punishment.

9th Amendment

You have rights beyond the constitution and the government cant take them away.

Court Case: Wade -v- Roe

This case was supported by a story, from a girl who couldn't get in abortion because of the laws a that time. People believed the 9th amendment was being violated because the government had prevented so many people from getting a abortion. The girl in the story, Roe, felt like h and many more felt like the government was preventing them for making decisions about their pregnancy ,body, and personal life

10th Amendment

The state has power to do something as long as the law doesn't say they cant.

Court Case: Printz -v- U.S.

President Clinton had signed into law the Brady bill, it required federal background check before selling a gun. In the end, the majority of the supreme court felt that this was unconstitutional. They felt it was wrong for congressional actions to force local authorities to carry out federal laws.

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