Fiction vs Non Fiction

Comparing Types of Writing

Definitions

Non-Fiction: The branch of literature that deals with facts and reality including biography, essay, or research papers

Fiction: The class of literature that is compromised of works of imaginative narration

Non-Fiction: Getting It Right

How can you tell you are reading non-fiction?


Step 1: Is the book fact based and filled with proven information?

For Example: If you are reading a book titled: Forest Fires, and it talks about how forest fires start, why, how ecosystems survive, and instances where these fires are found, it is most likely non-fiction. However, if you are reading book titled: Fire, which talks about a girl living in a country, near a forest, and has to move because of devastating fire, it is probably fiction, the girl's story is not true unless it is specifically states.


Step 2: Does the book have a table of contents or glossary?

Most non-fiction books are complete with a table of contents describing the sections of information and page numbers. Also, it is more easier to tell from a fiction and non-fiction if a book contains a glossary on definitions.


Step 3: Are the images drawings or photographs?

Many non-fiction books are going to have photographs picturing real instances so that the information is reliable. But, fiction books are mostly drawings so that the author's tale is shown through relating pictures.

Facts About Fiction

You can tell when it is a fiction story because the story has more fantasy elements that you know aren't real. Fiction stories are meant for entertainment, so it won't be very factual or scientific. Also, nonfiction books have a glossary, index, or bibliography, fiction does not. Also, most fiction books will state that the book was not based on real life events, and that anything in the book that could relate to that is a coincidence.


Types of Fiction



  • Historical fiction
  • Romance
  • Fantasy
  • Adventure
  • Action
  • Mystery