Outliers in ELT @Bilgi University
Fostering Autonomy with Today's Opportunities
What learner autonomy isn’t
•Learner autonomy is not self-instruction, nor self-access learning.
•Learner autonomy doesn’t mean that the teacher loses control and initiative in the classroom.
•Learner autonomy isn’t a new methodology.
•Leaner autonomy isn’t a single, easily described behavior.
•Learner autonomy isn’t a steady state achieved by certain learners.
Definition of Autonomy
not inborn & obtained by formal learning
learner involvement & reflection &TL use
•Benson & Voller (1997)
inborn capacity suppressed by educational institutions
an ability and willingness to learn both independently and in cooperation with others.
•know how they learn best
•are actively involved in learning tasks
•make good guesses
•use the target language accurately and appropriately
•make connections with the other languages they know
•have a tolerant and outgoing approach to the target language
Versions of Autonomy
act of learning outside the classroom
capacity to take more responsibility
conditions that allow learners to control the
process and content of learning
Capacity to interact and collaborate with othersBenson & Voller (1997)
Reasons to Support Autonomy
Autonomy will help students to
•share their ideas
•learn from each other
•feel more secure and less anxious
•reflect on their learning
•involve in their learning process actively
•understand that it is the only way to learn successfully in the long term
Technology & English Language Learning
•Making Learning Authentic
•Creating A Positive Learning Environment