The Native

By: Ansley Charles

Anasazi

The tribe, Anasazi, built dams, ditches, and canals to trap the rain from tops of mesa and channel to gardens on the canyon floor. The houses that was made of adobe and stones, were usually multi-storied. It laid along walls of cliffs or large plaza's. The heart of the civilization in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito. It was where there was a massive complex of more than 1000 people. From Pueblo Bonito, they built roads for trading networks. The Craftsmen handmade turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery.

Adena

This tribe lived in the Ohio valley region about around the 700 BC. They originally grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. The Adena tribe produced superior copper jewelry and fine pottery. They elaborated burial mounds made up of log structures coved by piles of the earth.

Hopewell

This tribe arrived in the Ohio valley around the 300 BC. They built mounds that were around 40 feet high and 100 feet wide. The artifacts suggest extensive TRADE network. Adena and Hopewell are both referred to as "Mound Builders".

Mississippians

The Mississippians arrived in the Mississippi valley by the 800 AD. They grew plants that were usually used for food and when added maize and beans had an increase in the population. The increase in the population caused the need for more land. More land had resulted in many cities that went up to 10,000 people. The largest was Cahokia. In the center of the city of Cahokia was a massive mound approximately 100 feet high. The base of the mound was more than 14 acres, and surround this mound were 120 smaller mounds.