MS food and the digestive system

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food and nutrients

• The body needs food for energy, building materials, and substances that help control body processes.

• Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids provide energy and have other important roles in the body.

• Vitamins and minerals do not provide energy but are needed in small amounts for the body to function properly.

• The body must have water to survive.

choosing healthy foods

• MyPyramid shows how much you should eat each day of foods from six different food groups.

• Reading food labels can help you choose the healthiest foods.

• Regular exercise helps you use extra energy and avoid unhealthy weight gain.

the digestive system

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the digestive system

• The digestive system breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and gets rid of food wastes.

• Digestive enzymes speed up the reactions of chemical digestion.

• The main organs of the digestive system are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large

intestine.

• Bacteria in the large intestine produce vitamins and have other roles in the body.

MS food and the digestive system

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