Selective Breeding: Boxers

By Caitlin Barron

History

Boxer dogs are a mix of mastiffs, bulldogs, and a possible terrier mix thrown in. They date back to the 16th century and some paintings of hunting dogs would depict boxers with their owners. But the breed first cropped up in Germany, in 1895. They were bred to help out butchers in the slaughterhouses, herding the cows and such. The American Kennel Club recognized the boxer as an official breed in 1904.

Adaptations of the Boxer

The boxer has short, streamlined fur that allows for less resistance when running. The pointed ears give the boxer more enhanced hearing than the average pooch. This breed has great temperament and this makes for good training. Boxers are also a very patient breed and because of this, they have an easy going disposition. Like most dogs, boxers have a heightened sense of smell that make them excellent hunting dogs.

Colors and Markings

The fur of a boxer ranges from tan to mahogany red, but they all have a signature white splotch on their stomachs or chests. Boxers have short fur, but it's double layered. Meaning, their coat is two layers instead of the usual one. They don't do well in extreme temperatures, so it's important to keep them in moderate climates. Their short fur also means that they don't require as much grooming and cleaning as other dogs.

Personality and Training

Boxers are easily trained and have a close bond with their owner. The breed is a hard working dog that is obedient and tends to stay very close to their master. Since the boxer is well trained, the American Kennel Club has had many boxer winners over the years While some may be aloof and independent, others are brash and loud. But the boxer is a friendly dog all around.
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