VCR LESSON 5 PRESENTATION

Isabelle Chow

FILL IN THE BLANK WITH THE MOST APPROPRIATE WORD FROM LESSON 5. YOU MAY USE ANY WORD, INCLUDING ANY OF ITS FORMS.

Many have a ___________ for a specific sports team.
Big image

THE WORD

penchant


n. A strong inclination or liking


NOTA BENE: Although penchant and proclivity may seem similar in meaning, they function differently. A penchant is a preference for something; dogs may have a penchant, or fondness, for bones and a proclivity, or inclination, to park at the mail carrier. A proclivity is an inner impulse or direction, a characteristic action: a proclivity for altruism, spending money, or fatalism, for example.

ORIGIN

French, from present participle of pencherto incline, from Vulgar Latin *pendicare,from Latin pendere to weigh


First Known Use: 1672

SYNONYMS

  • leaning (suggests a liking or attraction not strong enough to be decisive or uncontrollable; ex: a student with artistic leanings)
  • propensity (implies a deeply ingrained and usually irresistible inclination; ex: a propensity to offer advice)
  • proclivity (suggests a strong natural proneness usually to something objectionable or evil; ex: a proclivity for violence)


  • disposition
  • affection
  • inclination
  • tendency

NEAR ANTONYMS


  • disfavor
  • disclination
  • aversion

(all connotatively opposing)


  • neutrality
  • detachment
  • indifference
(connotation of choosing no side)

CHOOSE THE ANSWER WITH INCORRECT USAGE

A) He had a penchant for taking risks, so he climbed the mountain.

B) The millionaire, who owned a private jet, did not have a penchant for backpacking.

C) The teacher had no penchance for the class clown.

D) She had a penchant for being kind to others and making friends.

The correct answer is C

penchance is not a correctly used form of the word penchant