American society & government

between the years 1880-1920


New Inventions and Technologies

There were no "anti-trust" laws meaning it was legal to monopolize an entire country to help development of new technologies.

One of the inventions that was created was called the Movie Camera- (1895)

Lumiere Brothers invented a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe. They used their Cinematographe as the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more that one person in the country.

This was a positive because this time during the Industrialization, new technologies arose causing people to develop and find new ways to use these technology equipment for good use as to entertainment, their work industry, and to help use as tools for daily life. This Movie Camera was a technology that was created for people to enjoy on their free time.

The Lumiere Brothers - "Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat" - First silent documentary film - (1896)

Big business and the government

Horizontal and Vertical integration led on many companies in control over more parts of their product. Big businesses and governments took control over lots of products such as The Light bulb that had been invented in 1875 by two Canadians, Henry Woodward and Matthew Evans, and their patent was picked up by Thomas Edison who had the financial backing to advance electric lighting. After this, a park was lighted in Cleveland, and in 1881 in New York City a street called Broadway was illuminated. This can be symbolized either way. But in my opinion, businesses and governments who took over control in products was a positive thing because those people would get together with others to create a product that was useful and with the help from other businesses, they can create new products much faster and make the product become more efficient. With the use of more people, that means they were able to get more of others opinions rather than just yourself.
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The Gilded Age

The Gilded Age in the 1870s was known and referred to era of rapid economic and population growth due to having money to produce. During this time, powerful political "party bosses" would spend money to improve constituents neighborhoods to ensure a steady flow of votes for their machines. Some of these people actually helped the poorest people in the cities. Many politicians elected during the Gilded Age were mainly machine party politics. Due to the population growth, the party bosses was a negative thing in my opinion because although they were providing some money towards people who need it, that was the money that hard working people have raised and now have that taken away from them and given to others who didn't work as hard as the people who earned the money did, and so the party bosses are taking all the money out of people's pockets and giving them away to others who didn't work for it.
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The Cities Grow

Things during this time period between the mid-1800s and beginning 1900s, made cities expand in growth that was made possible by the help of things such as skyscrapers, elevators, and trolleys. The things helped the citizens as the cities grew larger and there wasn't as much room as there once was. So these creations helped people live in these cities that were growing but still had enough room for more people after the invention of these things. This was a positive for immigration because with these useful tools helped the cities as they grew and started to become smaller in land as people entered the big cities from other countries looking for a better life. These tools helped new incoming people still be able to get around the area and have a place to live even though the cities were expanding.

Ellis Island

In the New York bay, the Ellis Island in 1802, was an immigration examination station which examined any immigrant that was trying to come into the U.S. and first had to be checked if sick and asked questions until they were cleared to move to the U.S. The Ellis Island was a positive because it helped keep sick immigrants from moving to a new country and they helped keep them from spreading diseases over there by not letting them leave their own country. Also this helped answer questions from the immigrants making sure that they were not there to just move to the U.S. and cause problems. They made sure that they were fully checked and evaluated.
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Women's lives change

Women's lives change in lifestyles and leisure activities that had some effects on their lives by many things. After the immigration movement women mostly worked, but not only did they work, some were married and had responsibility of the household and duties and needs of taking care of the children and having to cook and shop for others. This was a negative because although most of the immigrants were moving to the U.S. And the cities started to grow, women also became more busy and excluded from freedom of their own due to the huge movement causing them to start to focus more on work and not as much leisure time.
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Popular Entertainment

During the Urbanization Popular Entertainment in the 1900s, had an effect on many citizens. Such as the middle/lower class experienced the Amusement Park which led many people to go and enjoy this on their free time. Upper class citizens went to the Tennis Court on their leisure time to have fun with others. The lower class citizens didn't have the money that the middle/upper class citizens had so they went to a Vaudeville which was an area where people sang and danced to have fun. This was also a positive because during the Irbanization time period, people found ways to have fun on their leisure time without having to spend money due to the type of class they were in.
Before There Was Television...Vaudeville, Early American Entertainment

Old Immigrants

Around the 1880s, most Old Immigrants spoke English, mostly protestant or Irish Catholic, Western European. These were immigrants who first moved to the U.S. before the mass immigration. These people raised their children in the U.S. and would spread their culture to others that was passed down from generation to generation. This was a positive because as the generations grew, they taught others about their ancestors and used some of their culture that was used back before the new immigrants moved to the U.S.

A quote from Douglass, Fredrick stated, "The old employments by which we have heretofore gained our livelihood, are gradually, and it may seem inevitably, passing into other hands. every hour sees the black man elbowed out of employment by some newly arrived immigrant whose hunger and whose hunger are thought to give him a better title to the place."


Favoristism has been established in the late 1880s, towards native born Americans as more immigrants come to the U.S. from their home country. The older American citizens have been treated differently from the newly immigrants due to all the immigration causing old citizens to not be able to keep their old ways and how things work because the mass majority of new immigrants is causing the country to become less native born. This was a negative because the favoritism caused lots of problem in the country because of this, they didn't teach the new immigrants their ways of living in the U.S. causing the new immigrants to figure things out the hard way.
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Political Corruption

In the 1870 period, political corruption had the use of powers by government officials for a legitimate private gain. Robert La Follette explains how the average problem of people having to cause themselves to have no say in which party candidates were selected for office. This was a negative because Follette explained that no free people in the country could have a history of political freedom.

La Follette says, "No free people in history very long maintained their political freedom after having once surrendered their industrial and commercial freedom."

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In the early 1900s, the Progressive movement allowed the recall which was a positive that enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions. This was also an effort to cure the development from American society in the industrial growth of cities and businesses.
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W.E.B. DuBois

In 1868-1963, W.E.B. DuBios was the the first African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard. He was known as an idealist. He had a thought to the future of social justice and the dimensions of society that helped others becoming a positive in the country. He believed that the world could be improved by the highest of knowledge, peace, and love. Not only was that his goal, he also wanted to take that belief and spread it throughput the world to others to change the way of life currently at that time.
W.E.B. Du Bois - Rivalry with Booker T. Washington


Platt Amendment

In 1903, the Platt Amendment passed which amended the 1901 army appropriations bill. It also took seven conditions for the width drawl of the United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War. This gave the power to the U.S. that limited Cuba's Independence, and forced them to ratify the amendment. This was a positive because it gave much more power to the U.S. to take over in control.
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Foreign Policy

The foreign policy dealt with other nations. They owned other land from Panama, built a canal, offered money but was rejected from the government. From the signing of the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty in 1903 until the ratification of the Panama Canal treaties were a concern the the government and foreign policy over the Untied States control over this land. Panama fought for their own freedom but lost to the U.S. This was a positive because the U.S. gained control over the Panama Canal which made transportation much easier.
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Dollar Diplomacy

In 1909-1913, The Dollar Diplomacy was a positive that had encouraged and protected American trade and investment in Latin America and Asia. William Howard Taft aimed the use of economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.

Howard Taft stated, "I am in favor of helping the prosperity of all countries because, when we are all prosperous, the trade with each becomes more valuable to the other."

World War I

Author Stevenson

Treasure Island was a book that was published in the 1880s. The author Stevenson, became a resident of Samoa after making land fall during a pleasure cruise across the pacific. He was a famous writer and even recorded details of his book A foot note to history: Eight years of trouble in Samoa. He was known for his famous books that everyone read during the 1880s. This author encouraged others to read on their leisure time during the harsh time in WWI.
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During the World War 1, many huge battleships were a positive the World War I because they were used during the war and were useful in many ways. Some ships carried supplies for soldiers, and others were ships that the soldiers sent out over seas to fight out other ships and take over control wiping out many people for freedom.
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Music Hall

By the 1914s, when times were hard during the war, this was a positive that helped others. The music hall was created for entertainment for people. The music hall was by far the most popular form of popular song. It was listened to and sung along in theaters. This cause musical acts and plays to grow during this period. The music hall seats were cheap enough for working class citizens to come and watch shows. This place grabbed many citizens attention from all over the country to come and relax and watch platys and acts perform.
Dancing Music Hall Artists, 1900's - Film 11608