by Mackenzie Martin

Causes of Clubfoot

Clubfoot happens because the tissues that connect muscles to bones in the baby’s legs and feet are shorter than usual. The foot is put in an abnormal position which may cause abnormal foot bones, ankle joints, and muscles.

Symptoms of Clubfoot

Clubfoot won't bother the baby until it starts to walk. If left untreated, it may cause the baby to have problems walking correctly. The baby may walk on the sides, top, or soles of his/her feet. The part of the foot walked on abnormally can get infected, and the skin will harden. This causes joint pain, aches, stiffness, and swelling.


Babies with Clubfoot may have surgery to correct their condition, but most children can be treated without surgery. Stretching and casting can help correct the condition in 2-3 months. A cast is put on to the baby's foot and goes to the upper thigh. The cast is left on for 4-7 days, and when taken off, the baby's caretaker moves the foot toward the correct position and puts a new cast on. Stretching, taping, splinting, and surgery can also help, but casting is the most common treatment.

Life Expectancy

The life expectancy for people with clubfoot is the same as anybody else. Clubfoot can be fixed early on in the baby's life, and if it's too late for casting, they can get surgery to fix it.

3 Facts

1.) Clubfoot can be caused by the mother smoking or using street drugs during pregnancy.

2.) Boys are twice as likely as girls to have clubfoot.

3.) It can also be caused if your baby has another birth defect, like Cerebral Palsy or Spinda Bifida.