2035

Will Canada be the greatest country to live in 2035?

Canada

In this assignment, I will be talking about if Canada will be a great country to live in, in the year 2035. Of course, we can’t tell what will happen in the future, but this assignment will help realize what we can do to try and make it a better country for our future. This will also help us realize how it will look by the year 2035.

Unit One: Changing Populations

- Will Canada is a desired destination for immigration?


Canada will be a desired destination for immigration because of the different appealing factors. Some of these factors include the climate. Canada is a very seasonal country that has all four seasons. This means that you are most likely to experience the ‘famous Canadian winters’. Next is the cost of living. Rent and transportation is something to keep in mind because they are pretty expensive, particularly downtown areas of Toronto and Vancouver. High salaries can compensate for this. Other places that are rent-controlled such as Montreal, has low property values but also lower salaries. Lastly is healthcare. Healthcare is very important to think about when immigrating. In Canada, healthcare is publicly-funded which is mostly free at the point of use and has most services provided by private entities. Depending on the type of visa you have on arrival in Canada, you may or may not be entitled to a health card.


- Who will Canada be attracting as immigrants?


Canada is looking to attract workers who will succeed in the Canadian labor market and integrate smoothly into Canadian society.As for foreign skilled workers who don’t necessarily have one year of Canadian work experience, citizenship and immigration Canada estimates that around 51,000 federal skilled workers will be selected in the future. Family sponsorship is expected to result in 68,000 new permanent residents in the near future. Canada aims to attract up to 285,000 immigrants in the near future, depending on how many workers are needed.


- How will Canada’s population look?


According to the most recent research, the Canadian population which rose to 32.6 million in 2006, is expected to reach 36 to 42 million people by 2031. Additionally, it is projected that deaths will outnumber births from the years 2020 to 2046, and that net international migration will become the primary source of population growth.


- What issues will our First Nations, Metis & Inuit population face?


Many Aboriginal people live in poverty. The divergence in the standard of living in First

Nations and Inuit communities and that of non-Aboriginal communities continue to grow in large part because of differences in literacy levels.Federal, provincial and territorial governments must make it a priority to improve the relatively low literacy of Canada’s aboriginal peoples in the future. Indeed, the cost to address literacy rates is minimal compared to the money Canada will need to spend in 10 to 15 years from now on major social services if the country fails to take action on Aboriginal literacy issues.

Unit Two: Interactions in the Physical Environment

- Why does Canada have the climate it does?


Canada has the climate it does because of the different climate zones such as continental and maritime. Another reason is because of the latitude and wind and air masses. When shifting north from the equator, the sun intensity is less because of the tilt of the earth. This means it requires the sun to spread in a larger area. Thus, the heat is less fixed and as the outcome, Canada is not hot but much rather cold. Next, is near water. The east and west coasts of Canada are both maritime climates, this means that they will continue to receive high precipitation and moderate temperatures throughout the year. As for the rest of Canada, we have continental climates. This is because we do not have any ocean to balance our temperatures; the rest of Canada has less precipitation and more intense weather. So when a province in Canada has an ocean close, there is more moisture in that province as well. If the coastlines’ wing and air masses are full of moisture, then the rest of Canada has dry air coming in from the north, thus, the east and west coast of the country have damp air from the ocean and controlled weather conditions while Canada’s continental provinces have dry air and extreme weather with none moderated climates.


- Describe Canada’s various physical regions (landform regions, vegetation zones).


Canada has various landform regions:

-Western Cordillera Region ~very mountainous. Covers most of British Columbia and the Yukon Territory, 3 major divisions in Western Cordillera Region (The Rocky Mountains and the Columbia Mountains, along with several other ranges make up the eastern part of the region)

-Interior Plains ~ often called the prairies. Makes up the southern parts of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, almost all of Alberta and the western part of the Northwest Territories

-Canadian Shield ~is the geographic foundation of Canada, more than half of Canada is covered by the shield, metamorphic and igneous make up the shield, it contains some of the oldest rocks in the world, and area has been subjected to a number of major glaciations

Hudson Bay Lowlands ~ low area covered by swampy forest, area has layer of sedimentary rock resting on top of the ancient rocks of the Canadian Shield, water is often stagnant, and vegetation is mostly bushes and isolated trees

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands ~ consists of two regions, located in Southern Ontario, are formed from sedimentary rock and there are several escarpments in the area, was subjected to many glaciations in the past, the St. Lawrence Lowlands is separated from the Great Lakes Lowlands by a thin wedge of the Canadian Shield that cuts across the St. Lawrence and extends into the United States just east of Kingston, is called the Frontenac Axis

Appalachian Region~runs through the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec, into Maritimes provinces and all the way to Newfoundland, oldest highland region in Canada, these mountains are made of mainly sedimentary rock but there are areas where volcanic activity have created igneous and metamorphic outcroppings

Arctic Lowlands ~are made up of a series of islands and have a gently rolling landscape, are mostly sedimentary in structure

Innuitian Mountains ~ form the northern edge of the country, are primarily made of igneous and metamorphic rocks with some areas of sedimentary bedrock


- How will climate change alter Canada’s physical environment?


Global warming has a big impact to alter Canada’s physical environment. The effects of global warming will be felt most intensely in Canada and other countries far from the equator. Evidence for a warming climate is getting stronger and stronger, and the evidence of the influence of human activities on that climate change is getting stronger and stronger. As this report, climate change and warming in particular is amplified and that it’s larger at high latitudes. So warming over Canada is larger than the warming that has been experienced (worldwide) and it is projected to continue that way. That warming over Canada will continue to be more rapid than the global (average) warming. Another climate change that would alter Canada’s physical environment is that

Unit Three: Managing Canada’s Resources & Industries

- What will be Canada’s most important resources?


Some of Canada’s most important resources will be water,oil and forests. Firstly, freshwater will be an important resource because there is only 1% of freshwater in the world, not including the glaciers which Canada has full access to. But since we are running out of the fresh water around us, there will soon be conflict over it resulting in wars. Secondly, oil will be an important resource because Canada has the 5th best oil producer in the world; it makes Canada richer and gain more money. Lastly, Canada’s forested areas and other wooded land and other land with trees cover extends over about half of the country’s total land surface, almost 400 million hectares from coast to coast.Canada’s forests purify water, stabilize soil and cycle nutrients. They moderate climate and store carbon. They also create habitat for wildlife and they nurture environments.


- How will Canada manage these resources in a sustainable manner?


Managing resources will take a process. Firstly, managing our water resources can be a bit difficult. We would try to limit water usage, for example, in Alberta; the water management framework for the lower Athabasca River puts a weekly cap on how much water oil sands

Companies can remove, which is tied to fluctuating flow of the river. Secondly, Canada can manage their oil resource by learning lessons from Norway. In a recent study, Norway offers Canada some advice on how to manage their oil resource. Lastly, managing our forestry resource is quite simple. Sustainable forest management is when Canada has been committed to developing and adopting such an approach by combining ecosystem conservation with the wise use of forest resources for economic and social purposes.


- How is Canada connected to the rest of the world through trade & globalization?


Canada is connected to the world in different ways through trade and globalization. Canada has signed an agreement called NAFTA (North American free trade agreement). This agreement is between the US, Mexico and Canada which allows free trade with no tariffs/taxes and barriers. Using the measure of their GDP, Canada can be connected to the world in comparison to other nations. We can access the GDP of a population by adding the government expenses, investments and imports and exports.

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Unit Four: Livable Communities

- What issues are Canadian cities facing?


An issue that Canadian cities are facing is greenhouse emissions and sustaining them. In the year 2000, Canada ranked nine out of 186 countries in terms of per capita greenhouse gas emissions without taking into account land use changes. In 2005 it ranked eighth and in 2009, Canada was ranked seventh in total greenhouse gas emissions behind Germany and Japan. Canada is a large country with a low population density, so transportation, often in cold weather when fuel efficiency drops, is a big part of the economy. About 25% of Canada's greenhouse gases come from trucks, trains, airplanes and, especially cars. Residential fuel consumption and industry (not including oil and gas) account for 24% of the total. Much of those emissions come from equipment (mining trucks and front end loaders) that do not get recorded in the transportation ledger. Another 14% come from the non-energy sources. Another issue that Canadian cities are facing is urban sprawl. This meaning endless pavement, long commutes, traffic jams, high social and infrastructure costs. Continued sprawl threatens the health of our families, our communities, and the ecosystems that sustain us. We can try to end this by using the principles of smart growth according to David Suzuki. This means we can be creating compact, higher-density communities with public transit, bike paths, and walking trails, surrounded by precious farmland and green spaces like wetlands and woodlands. In Canada, we have this “smart growth” which is the greenbelt. The greenbelt is 1.8 million acres of protected farmland and green spaces surrounding the Greater Golden Horseshoe. It gives us clean water, healthy local food and $2.6 billion per year in ecological services.


- Will urban sprawl be an issue in 2035?


Yes, urban sprawl will definitely be an issue in the year 2035. This is because by the year of 2035, the population will have grown greatly and since it will have grown; our space that we live in will be very limited leaving no space to expand. So yes, urban sprawl will be an issue in 2035.


- How can Ontario limit urban sprawl by the year 2035?


Ontario can limit urban sprawl by protecting the greenbelt. The greenbelt is one of our only chances to limit urban sprawl throughout Canada in the future. A huge difference can be made if we save our greenbelt space. The greenbelt is a large area where we create higher-density communities with public transit, bike paths etc. By limiting urban sprawl by 2035, we would have to protect our space that we have.

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In conclusion, throughout all of my research and investigation through my notes and online web-searching, I was able to find my key findings such as what issues Canadian cities are facing and so on. The important and significance of this information is that our whole future through 2035 lies beneath how we protect Canada. From protecting the greenbelt, to urban sprawl, these are all things we need to protect and limit in order to have a better future.