Negro Baseball League

By Tate Trueblood

Introduction

The Negro Leagues took place until 1950 and it played a bigger role than everyone thinks. The league had the most impact thing on today's game than anything else. Without the League, Black baseball players would never have something to strive for professionally.

Preface

With this website, I'm trying to inform everyone about the importance of the Negro baseball league. It was very important to today's game and didn't only open the doors for black ballplayers, but also opened it for Hispanics and Asians to come later on.

Dear Reader

In this website, you will be informed about the Negro Baseball league. You will learn about how unfair they were treated and how they had to stay in certain hotels. Also, you will realize how unnoticed they were even though they were really good.

You will be reading a few essays and a poem. In the 2 essays you will be informed about the best players that ever played in the league. in the poem, I wrote about the unfairness that they were treated with as players.

While making this site, I learned so much about the game that I love.

Sincerely,

Tate

Poem

The Best That Never Was

The league had the best players

But they’ll never get

The recognition they deserve

Some could’ve competed with the white men

But segregation got the best of them

Paige, Gibson and Doby were a few

No one got a chance until 42 broke through

Jackie Robinson opened the gate

For people like Aaron and Mays

Those names changed the game

interview

Some of The Greates Players in the League

Expository Essay

Josh Gibson


When Josh Gibson was a kid, he always dreamed of playing baseball, from a very young age him and his other black friends would play in the sandlots in the neighborhood. Josh was always the best hitter out of their group.

One day, when Josh was 17, he saw a man watching their game. When Josh asked the man what he was doing, the man told him that he was a scout from the Kansas City Monarchs, a professional Negro baseball team. The scout invited Josh to Play with their team at a very young age.

His rookie year, they nicknamed him “The Black Babe” because he hit so many homeruns in his first season. There aren’t weren’t any actual stats kept at the Negro League Games so no one knows exactly how many he hit but historians say it was at least 50.

When Josh was 35, he was diagnosed with a brain tumor that should’ve ended his baseball career for sure. But instead he played through it until 1945 when he hit his 900th homerun in his 17th season.

Gibson suffered a stroke in a movie theater and was taken unconscious to his mother's house where he died a few hours later. It was very sad. And he died 2 months before Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier. He could’ve been the one to play in the MLB if he was still alive and healthy at the time.

Narrative Essay

Satchel Paige

Satchel Paige is considered the best pitcher in the history of Negro League baseball. People compare him to Cy Young, but I don’t think it’s fair to compare him to anyone because he threw harder and could throw longer than anyone else.

Experts say that he was the greatest pitcher of all time. The only argument against him is that he pitched only 5 seasons in the MLB because he spent almost his entire career in the minors. In July 1948, on his 42nd birthday, after 22 years in the Negro leagues, Paige became the oldest man ever to debut in the major leagues with the Cleveland Indians. Paige was the first Negro pitcher in the American League and the seventh Negro big leaguer overall. He is known as “The Original Workhorse” because he pitched until he was 58 years old. He is still the oldest known player to play in a professional baseball game.

Many baseball historians also believe that he is the fastest pitcher ever, even though it can never be proven because there weren’t radar guns back then. When he pitched against the hall of famer Joe DiMaggio in an exhibition game Joe said, “He’s the best and fastest pitcher I've ever faced.” That is saying a lot considering DiMaggio faced some of the best pitchers in MLB history in his career.

One downside to all this travel and team jumping was a lack of statistics since even in official Negro League games there could be a bookkeeper. But Satchel Paige insisted that he kept his own records and reported pitching in more than 2,500 games and winning 2,000 or so, played for 250 teams and thrown 250 shutouts. Near perfect stats, and Paige was known to exaggerate some, but experts believe much of it has been proven.

Paige pitched for two other major league teams, the St. Louis Browns and the Kansas City Athletics, where he ended his career in 1965, at the age of 59.

Research Connection

In my expository essay about Josh Gibson, I got all of my information from http://www.negroleaguebaseball.com/players/Gibson.html and it gave me facts and even gave me a story to use. It gave me all of his nicknames and some tall tales.

In the Narrative essay I used http://www.satchelpaige.com/bio2.html it gave me a ton of information. I also read the book, Satchel and Me which is about a boy who travels back in time to see how fast Satchel Paige threw. It gave me facts and fiction about Paige.

For my Poem I used mainly my own previous knowledge about the league. For my choice element I chose to do an interview an African American Baseball player in Coppell.

Works Cited

Hauser, Christopher (2006). The Negro Leagues Chronology: Events in Organized Black Baseball, 1920–1948. London: McFarland & Company.
Hogan, Lawrence B.; National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum (2006). Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of American Baseball. Foreword by Jules Tyeiel (illustrated ed.). Enfield: National Geographic Books. p. 422. ISBN 978-0-7922-5306-8.
Holway, John (2001). Johnson, Lloyd; Borst, Rachel, eds. The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues: The Other Half of Baseball History. Foreword by Buck O'Neil; afterword by Ted Williams. Fern Park, Florida: Hastings House. p. 510. ISBN 0-8038-2007-0.
Lanctot, Neil (2008) [First published 2004]. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution (illustrated ed.). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 512. ISBN 0-8122-2027-7.
Malloy, Jerry (2005). Out of the Shadows: African American Baseball from the Cuban Giants to Jackie Robinson. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Ribowsky, Mark (1995). A Complete History of the Negro Leagues. Carol Publishing Group.
Riley, James A. (1994). The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-0959-6.
Gutman, Dan. Jackie & me. New York: Avon, 1999. Print.