The First Month
Babies at one month don't have the neck strength to support their head, while upright
- Make sure to always give proper head support
Lifts head and turns it from one side to the other when placed on stomach
- Sucking reflex
tries to suck on anything
- Moro reflex (startle):
- Grasping reflex
baby's hand will close around a finger that is placed in their palm.
don't underestimate a baby's strength: you can lift a baby with them grasping your fingers, but not recommended to do
- Tonic Neck reflex:
When baby lies on its back and the head relaxes and rotates to one side
Baby assumes a "fencing" position.
- Step-Walking reflex:
happens when the sole of the foot touches a hard surface
baby places one foot in front of the other
- Rooting reflex:
Baby turns toward the stroke and begins to suck, can be mistaken for hunger
- Babinski reflex:
- Babkin relfex:
*these are the beginning of baby's motor skills and will disappear as baby grows
Sleep: Being Born is Hard Work
- Newborns sleep about 15 to 16 hours a day, but not necessarily all at one time
- This is because a newborn doesn't have a sense of day or night
- Their sleep cycles are much more different than ours
- Babies are born with fuzzy eyesight and are very nearsighted
- From 8-12 inches away is when a baby sees an object the clearest, but can see up to 3 feet away.
- Babies prefer and are naturally drawn human faces than their stuffed animal toys.
- They prefer high-contrast objects because their easier to see.
- Sometimes month old babies eyes can become cross-eyed, this is when they are trying to focus. This is normal since their eyes haven't fully formed yet.
Taste and Smell
- Babies prefer sweet tastes
- Their taste buds haven't developed well enough to distinguish between bitter and sour yet
- A warning is to not let baby taste food at this point, their digestive system is not able to digest any food other than breast milk or formula, no matter the size
- Have a very well-developed sense of smell
- Can already pick out the scent of mom's nipple and breast milk within the first few days of life
- A baby can recognize mother's scent from the breasts, underarms, and even your beauty products
- When a baby catches a wiff you mommy they turn their head and move their mouth, as if she's trying to get food
- Babies have also been known to stop crying when smelling mommy
- Breast-fed babied can "sniff" out mom sooner than bottle fed babies
- Ways to develop baby's sense of smell:
safe household items for baby to sniff:
coffee, ripe fruit, herbs, crayons, baby shampoo, clean diapers, leather shoes, flowers, vanilla extract, cinnamon, and paprika
* be careful to avoid baby inhaling or touching irritating spices, they can create a burning sensation in back of nose
- Expect baby to eat 8 to 12 times a day (every 2-3 hours)
- However, bottle fed babies only need ot eat 6 to 8 times
- Methods to feed:
Others stick to a schedule
- You'll know when baby is hungry when she'll start to root or get fussy
- Breast-fed babies know when to stop eating, as do bottle-fed babies but they can be overfed more easily.
- Look for four to six wet diapers a day as a sign you baby is eating enough
- A mobiles music extends benefits for baby at certain times of the day and in different settings
- As you sing along to the music, you'll find that baby will become more vocal.
- Change the position of mobile every once in a while so that they get a new view.
- From the start, your baby will listen and respond to your voice.
- Helps baby make connections
- Helps your baby learn to self-regulate: stop crying and calming down
- A soother with gentle sounds, music and sights helps baby understand when it's time to wind down and go to sleep.
- Point out the motion and lights to them
- Find a sound setting that is soothing to you and baby
Infant Play Gyms:
- Decide a good position for baby to be in to get the best vantage point.
- Change position every once in a while for a fresh view
- Play together to encourage communication and add fun to playtime.
- Help baby learn connection between words and actions by moving parts and saying what they do
- Sing along to the music on the gym and point out light-up pictures
- the more you talk to your baby and engage with them the more you're benefiting from baby's development
- The colors and high-contrast patterns are a great way to stimulate baby's visual sense.
- Point out colors and name the animals, even though baby doesn't understand the meaning yet, the information will still be stored for later
- If a toy play sounds, take advantage to stimulate your baby's sense of hearing
- Take baby's hands in yours and gently clap them together to the music.
- Make expressions as you playfully sing along or imitate sounds.