Laozi (Lao Tzu)

By Jordan D.

What?

Lao Tzu was said to be a Chinese philosopher and author of “Tao te ching” which was the main idea and text of Taoism. Therefore, Lao Tzu is known as the father of Chinese Taoism. The idea behind the religion is to connect with nature and harmonize one’s life with Tao, or the eternal path of the universe or the way.


Lao Tzu lived before the time of Confucius. Lao Tzu founded the philosophical school Tao Chia, which taught the idea of Tao. It taught withdraw from worldly interests, mediation, and nonviolent approach to life.


When and Where?

Lao Tzu was born in 604 B.C. in Henan, China and died in 531 B.C. in China.


Why?

The school of Tao Chia, founded by Lao Tzu, taught many students about the basis of Taoism. Also, Lao Tzu's original ideas and teachings allowed future Taoist masters to further the religion. Taoism is now one of the three most common religions in China along with Confucianism and Buddhism.


Works Cited

"Lao Tzu." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.



"Laozi." World Religions Reference Library. Ed. Julie L. Carnagie, et al. Vol. 4: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 203-209. World History in Context. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.