Level 8 / 6A & 6B


A region extending south and east from central Mexico to include parts of Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In pre-Columbian times it was inhabited by diverse civilizations, including the Mayan and the Olmec.

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A group or class of persons or a member of such a group or class, enjoying superior intellectual, social, or economic status.


A smooth bore shoulder gun used from the late 16th through the 18th century.

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To destroy or kill a large part of (a group).


To marry a member of another group.

Encomienda System

A legal system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas to regulate Native American labor.

Columbian Exchange

A widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease, and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492.


A principal raw material or commodity grown or manufactured in a locality.


The spread of animals, plants, or seeds to new areas.

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The scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian


Cash Crops

Any crop that is considered easily marketable, as wheat or cotton.

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