Age of Exploration

By: Joy, Isabel, and Rebecca

What was the age of exploration?

The Age of Exploration trend was first started by the Portuguese and the Spanish. In addition to finding new land, explorers were attracted to the new world to evangelize and spread the religion of Christianity. However, not all explorers were doing this for the right reason. The Age of Exploration also encouraged the activity of pirates. Their main business was slave trade, spice trade and plundering ships for gold and whatever else they have on board.

What caused this to happen?

By the 1400's, many Europeans wanted to buy products from Asia. The most wanted products included jewels, and silk. Portugal and Spain took the lead in seeking a direct ocean route to the Indies. By 1500, a new kind of ship known as the caravel made long voyages possible.The invention of new navigation instruments also aided exploration by sea. The expeditions of Portugal and Spain opened an active period of exploration. Their voyages of exploration eventually led to the European colonization of America.

Why did this happen in Europe?

Europe was drawn to the Age of Exploration for many reasons. Many have heard of the Three G’s; God, Gold, Glory. Explorers were drawn to explore because of these basic reasons. Explores that come back from sailing around the world were treated as heroes and lived the rest of their life in luxury. Another reason was the land. Whichever country got to new land first, claimed it as their own for their queen and king at the time. Many queens and kings would pay explorers to claim the land for their country, on top of the gold they were already collecting. Europe definitely took this to their advantage and collected as much land as they could through explorers.

The Age of Exploration in 1520 The Search for Riches in Faraway Lands

What did the age of exploration lead to?

The age of exploration led to many different things, that would soon help the world. European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world. It give an insight to the world and its real, geographical features. One of the other things it would lead to would be the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange was a widespread exchange of many different things. Those things include animals, plants, culture, slaves, diseases, and ideas from each continent.

Turning Points in History - Age of Exploration

Who were the major explorers during this time period?

Christopher Columbus: the Portuguese searched for an eastward sea route to Asia, Christopher Columbus looked west. He was convinced that his plan would work. However, he underestimated the distance between western Europe and Japan and he did not know that a large land mass lay in the way. Columbus landed on one of the Bahamas. Columbus believed he had reached the Indies, and so he called the people he met Indians.

Ferdinand Magellan: was Portuguese navigator, sailed to Asia by way of South America. King Charles I of Spain agreed to sponsor Magellan’s expedition because the Portuguese now controlled the route to Asia around Africa. If Magellan succeeded, Spain would have its own route to Asia. At the time, Magellan did not know how large South America was.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert:

Gilbert was an English explorer. He is know for establishing St Johns, Newfoundland in 1583. He was the half brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, and cousin of Sir Francis Drake. He studied at Eton and Oxford University and lived from 1539-1583.

John Cabot: John was an Italian-born English explorer and navigator. He grew up in Venice with his family where he learned about spice trade from his father who was a merchant. In 1496 he was granted to explore by King Henry VII. He is famous for exploring and colonizing the coastline of Canada. He was the second European to find North America (after Christopher Columbus)

EQ: How does the age of exploration affect what goes on in America today?