The Song Dynasty

By Caitlin F and Caitlin N


The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279. The government was the Monarchy. The Emperors were:

960 - 976 Emperor Taizu

1126 - 1127 Emperor Qinzong

1127 - 1162 Emperor Gaozong

1278 - 1279 Emperor Bing

The Song dynasty is divided into two distinct periods: the Northern Song and the Southern Song. During the Northern Song, the Song capital was in the northern city of Bianjing and the dynasty controlled most of inner China. The Southern Song refers to the period after the Song lost control of northern china to the Jin dynasty in the Jin - Song wars. Although the Song dynasty had lost control of the traditional birthplace of Chinese civilisation along the yellow river, the Song economy was not in ruins, as the Southern Song Empire contained 60 percent of China's population and a majority of the most productive agricultural land.