Carbohydrates

By: Lucy Potts, Varsha kanneganti

What is the name of the biomolecule?

The name of the biomolecule is carbohydrates, or carbs.

What is the name of the monomer?

The monomer of carbohydrates is monosaccharides. They are single simple sugars such as glucose, fructose, and galactose.
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Drawing of Monomer

What is the name of the polymer of carbohydrates?

The polymers of carbohydrates are polysaccharides such as glycogen and starch.

Examples of carbohydrates

Starch, glucose, glycogen, cellulose, fructose, and galactose are all examples of carbs or carbohydrates. They are contained in foods such as pasta, bread, and soda.
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Functional groups that are found in this biomolecule

The functional groups found in carbohydrates are hydroxyl and carbonyl. The hydroxyl group is bonded to all but one of the atoms in the monosaccharides. The carbonyl group is formed by a carbon double bonding to an oxygen atom.

Common functions of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are used for storage and transport of energy and also structural components. They provide energy and regulate blood glucose. They also help break down fatty acids and prevent ketosis.

How does its structure allow for its function?

The structure of carbohydrates allows for its function because they provide lots of energy due to the fact that they can be broken down completely. They also can be easily dissolved making it different from other biomolecules. Carbohydrates are very common in human diets, so there are usually extras. This is what is used for fat, which is stored in your body.