Water Pollution in India!!

By: Taylor DeBauge and Jayson Lin

Severe Problem!!

Water pollution in India, mainly located in the Ganges River, has made at least 80% of the population ill and 33% DEAD!!!
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Causes/Everyday in India..........

  • 2 million tons of chemical, human, and agricultural waste are dumped into the Ganges river

Effects:

Water Bourne Diseases

Water Bourne diseases in India are a very major factor in the terms of civilians. Water Bourne diseases are the stimuli that make the statistic of people ill sky rocket. There are 4 examples listed below (typhoid fever, cholera, food poisoning, and Hepatitis A)

Typhoid Fever

Partly preventable by vaccines

Treatable by a medical professional

Spreads through contaminated food or water

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging often required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Cholera

Treatable by a medical professional

Spreads through contaminated food or water

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging always required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Food Poisoning


Spreads through contaminated food or water

Usually self-treatable

Usually self-diagnosable

Lab tests or imaging rarely required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Hepatitis A

Preventable by vaccine

Treatable by a medical professional

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging always required

Spreads through contaminated food or water

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Effect of organic pollution in water

All organic materials can be broken down or decomposed by microbial and other biological activity (biodegradation). Organic and some of the inorganic compounds exhibit a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) because oxygen is used in the degradation process.

Oxygen is a basic requirement of almost all aquatic life. Aquatic life is adversely affected if sufficient oxygen is not available in the water. Typical sources of organic pollution are sewage from domestic and animal sources, industrial wastes from food processing, paper mills, tanneries, distilleries, sugar and other agro based industries.

Effects of toxic pollutants in water

Toxic pollutants mainly consist of heavy metals, pesticides and other individual xenobiotic pollutants. The ability of a water body to support aquatic life, as well as its suitability for other uses depends on many trace elements. Some metals e.g., Mn, Zn and Cu present in trace quantity are important for life as they help and regulate many physiological functions of the body. Some metals, however, cause severe toxicological effects on human health and the aquatic ecosystem.
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Possible Solutions

India Safe Water Network

Nearly 100 million people in India lack access to safe water. Since 2008, this network have empowered communities to own and manage Safe Water Stations that provide affordable, reliable access to safe water for thousands of people. Currently this organization has set up 87 stations which serve 330,000 people everyday however there is a growing demand for water and there are still millions without water. This organization has set a goal to set up 300 stations at the end of the 2016 year.
Safe Water Network in India