Pianos

By Erin

Please listen to this Audio link while reading this flyer.

What And How

  • What- The first grand piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristafori ( 1655-1732 ) In Florence, Italy.
  • What- Piano means 'soft'. they called it this because it was one of the instruments that could play both loud and soft.
  • How- When a key is pressed on a grand piano, it moves a felt covered hammer that strikes a steel string, making it vibrate and letting sound come out.
  • How- the player of an electric piano can play softer or louder according to the amount of finger pressure used on the key that's pressed. Electric pianos may have several inbuilt effects, including control for verifying the pitch of a note that is already sounding.


Composers

  • Bach- Johann Sebastian Bach composed most of his work in St Thomas's church.
  • Mozart- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a very famous pianist at a young age (a child prodigy) with a classical style.
  • Beethoven- Ludwig Van Beethoven was a deaf composer who lived in Vienna. By 1824, he couldn't hear anything.


Here is some of Beethoven's work

Symphony No. 9 ~ Beethoven

Instruments like the piano

Instruments like the piano include the Harpsichord and the organ.


A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. It produces sound by plucking a string when a key is pressed.


An Organ, is operated by the player’s hands and feet, in which pressurized air produces notes through a series of pipes organised in scalelike rows. The term organ encompasses reed organs and electronic organs but, unless otherwise specified, is usually understood to refer to pipe organs.

EXTRA FACTS

  • the electric piano is popular in rock and jazz music.


  • the piano is known as "The King of Instruments" this is because the piano covers the full spectrum of any instrument in the orchestra from below the lowest note of the double bassoon to above the top note of the piccolo.


Bibliography

Information books: Children's book of music, first published 2010 London; by Dorling Kindersly Limited.


The ABC book of musical instruments by Athenk, Michal published by ABC enterprises. 1st published 1981, 2nd published 1991, reprinted January 1994.


Websites: http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/fall05/pfaff/history.html The piano: a key note of music history. Date visited: 07/08/13


http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/431866/organ

http://www.classiccat.net/iv/harpsichord.info.php The Classical Harpsichord Description Page. Date visited: 02/09/13


http://www.pianoworld.com/facts.htm Fun Piano Facts - Interesting facts about pianos. Date visited: 11/09/13


Images: http://appserver.det.nsw.edu.au/bfp/action/blocksf?actionreason=by-category&username=paris.alcorn&requestedurl=http%3A//www.glenngoodman.com/studio.htm&categorydescriptionlist=none&pn=$$FIBYR5


http://www.google.com.au/search?q=piano+diagram&safe=active&client=safari&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=cFItUrDVI8vfkgX1lYDoAQ&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAA&biw=1024&bih=672#biv=i%7C8%3Bd%7C4o2Bl5E0GLjrlM%3A


http://www.google.com.au/search?q=mozart&safe=active&client=safari&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=BVMtUvaZFYGHlAW0t4DQAQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAA&biw=1024&bih=672#biv=i%7C0%3Bd%7CSP92AwxmkFajzM%3A


http://www.google.com.au/search?q=beethoven&safe=active&client=safari&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=CVQtUvrNEoaqkwXz7IHQDg&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAA&biw=1024&bih=672#biv=i%7C1%3Bd%7CPUvG_I1eoLbXXM%3A


http://www.google.com.au/search?q=bach&safe=active&client=safari&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=elMtUqOHL4rHkQXlxIFI&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAA&biw=1024&bih=672#biv=i%7C0%3Bd%7CwVX83Wo93y6JmM%3A

http://www.google.com.au/search?safe=active&client=safari&hl=en&biw=1024&bih=672&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=C1QtUvHONYKNkwWS6YDABA&q=harpsichord&oq=harpis&gs_l=img.1.1.0j0i10l2j0l6j0i10.90440.93053.0.96272.6.6.0.0.0.0.243.1203.1j0j5.6.0....0...1c.1.26.img..1.5.957.wqajn_CurwA#biv=i%7C51%3Bd%7CZUpfGNAOXE63EM%3A