Green Revolution and GMO's

By: Shannon Gallagher

The Causes and Results of the Bengal Famine in 1943

The causes of the Bengal Famine on 1943 consisted of, obviously, acute shortfall in the food production in the area as well as a drought and the hysteria of World War II. The hysteria of World War II made the food supply less of a priority, causing food shortage. The famine resulted in major awareness, and food security. This ultimately led to the Green Revolution.
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Description of the three basic elements of the Green Revolution

1. The first element is "continue expansion of farming areas". Area of land cultivation had been increasing since 1947, however it wasn't meeting the demand, resulting in in trying other methods. Although other methods were required the expansion had to continue.


2. The second element is "Double-cropping existing farmland". Double- cropping is when farmers double the amount of crop seasons per year. This made for an artificial monsoon to create more water for the crops, making it realistic. However the water for the artificial monsoon was obtained through dams of excess water.


3. The third element is "using seeds with improved genetics". This was a major aspect of the Green Revolution. There were new developed strands of highly highly yield value seeds, usually wheat, rice, millet, and corn. The most known was the wheat seed.

Two positive results of the Green Revolution in India

1. After the Green Revolution in India, the recorded grain output was 131 million tons. This put India at the top of the list of the worlds biggest agricultural producers. No other country that attempted the Green Revolution succeeded as well as India.


2. The yield per unit of farmland Increased 30% between 1947-1979, during the prime of the Green Revolution.

Three positive results economic, sociology, or political results of the Green Revolution in India

1. Countries all over there world, like Canada, were very impressed with the outcome of the Green Revolution. Canada asked if there farmers from Punjab and Haryana to help spread the method of the Green Revolution. They then sent some of their money back to relatives, which ultimately helped India's foreign exchange earnings


2. India then transformed from a starving country into an export for food. This helped India in the eyes of other countries, like the U.S.


3. Many of jobs were created because of the Green Revolution. Both new opportunities for agricultural and industrial workers did arise.

Description of two limitations of the Green Revolution in India

1. India has some down falls on the agricultural output, therefore resulting in India not preeminently being self-sufficient in food. This could be the result of droughts, and other weather differences.


2. Although nothing like the Bengal Famine can occur again in India, There are still many places in India where people are starving. This bring into question if the revolution has failed its overall social objective.

Positives and Negatives of GMO's

Positives

1. Resistance to pests from crops

2. Faster output of crops

3. Better taste/ quality

4. More nutrition

5. Beneficial to saving money

Negatives

1. Antibiotic resistance

2. Allergic reactions

3. Can harm environment; bugs, birds, ecosystems, etc.

4. Can cause other health problem; susceptibly cancer

5. Have unknown consequences, yet to be discovered

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