Rabies

Viral Disease

What is it?

Rabies is a viral disease found in mammals in which it is transferred to humans typically through a bite. This disease infects the central nervous system in which can causing disease in the brain or death.


Symptoms

  • Anxiety, stress, and tension.
  • Drooling
  • Convulsions
  • Excitablity
  • Exaggerated sensation at bite site
  • Loss of feeling in an area of the body
  • Loss of muscle function.
  • Low grade fever. (102 degrees or lower)
  • Muscle Spasm
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Pain from bite
  • Restlessness
  • Swallowing difficulty
The time in which you are infected and get sick ranges between 10 days to 7 years.


Average time period is 3-7 weeks.

How do you diagnose rabies?

Well to diagnose an animal you use the DFA test, aka direct fluorescent antibody test.

To diagnose this disease in humans, several tests are needed. They check saliva, serum, spinal fluid, and skin biopsies of hair follicles. Spinal fluid and Serum are checked for rabies antibodies. Skin biopsies are checked for rabies antigen.

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Frequency of Rabies and whom it affects?

There are around 55,000 cases of death caused by rabies every year around the world. Around forty percent of people who contract the Rabies virus are under the age of 15, typically male. The animals that typically carry the disease are bats, cats, skunks, and foxes. Dogs are also a carrier.

What is the course of Rabies?

Once the symptoms appear, the person rarely survives the disease, even with treatment. Death from respiratory failure usually occurs within 7 days after symptoms start.


Possible Complications?

Untreated Rabies:



  • Coma
  • Death
In rare cases, the patient will have an allergic reaction to the vaccine.