The Kounin Theory
Of Classroom Management
The Kounin Theory of Classroom Management focuses on techniques and strategies to prevent the occurrence of discipline problems before they begin.
- Also known as having eyes in the back of your head.
- Keep your back to the wall as you move through the classroom.
- The teacher must identify the correct instigator in order for the class to believe the teacher is "withit."
- Deal with the most serious incident first.
- Intervene early and quickly
- The teacher must provide smooth transitions because behavior is influenced by the smoothness and effectiveness of transitions between tasks.
- Smooth and effective transitions are important in maintaining student involvement and class control.
- Keep students involved through active supervision.
- Keep students engaged in learning.
- Hold students accountable for the task and misbehavior will decrease.
Focus the group's attention
- Cues in demonstration
- Questions to check for understanding
- Vary who is called upon to speak
Maintaining Interest and Involvement
How to reduce satiation
- Provide the students with a feeling of progress
- Offer challenges throughout the lesson.
- Be enthusiastic about the lesson
- Provide variety in a lesson.
Why is this still important today?
Kounin, J.S. & Gump, P.V .(1958). The ripple effect in discipline. The Elementary School Journal, 59(3), 158-162.
Pressman, B. (2011). Withitness in the classroom. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/using-xray-vision-substitute-teacher/Wuest, D. (1999). Are you with it? PE Central. Retrieved from http://www.pecentral.org/climate/april99article.html