SMALLPOX

By: Hallie McClure

INFECTIOUS DISEASES-

  • Smallpox is caused by a green germ or virus called the Variola virus
  • Smallpox effects everyone and 30 of 100 people may die when the virus is active
  • And for hundreds of years Smallpox has killed many people

SYMPTOMS-

  • Symptoms- Chills, headaches, backaches, nausea, vomiting, and very high fever
  • Red spots appear on the skin after about 3 or 4 days after the disease begins. The spots then become raised, and in a few days change to be filled with puss. Then they reach there largest size
  • The spots first appear on the face, trunk and then on the legs and arms
  • If the person with Smallpox lives the bumps become scabs, which then fall off, leaving red or brown discoloration underneath

TRANSMISSION-

Smallpox can be spread by coughing, sneezing, clothing, bedclothes, utensils, and even talking!!!!

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT-

  • Edward Jenner, used cowpox germs as a method of preventing Smallpox. The use of cowpox matter to prevent Smallpox also became known as vaccination.
  • Smallpox can also be killed by sunlight, heat, and vaccination
  • Other than these there is no known cure for Smallpox

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SMALLPOX-

  • Smallpox is related to Cowpox because it is a use of treatment
  • The last known recorded case of naturally occurring Smallpox was isolated in 1977
  • Vaccination may have wiped it out, but millions were still killed and millions were blinded

WHY PEOPLE ARE WORRIED-

In the U.S. and Russia scientists have saved the virus in laboratories.


Some people have expressed concern because they are afraid that terrorist may try to get access to to saved virus, to spread the Smallpox infection. But really this probably wouldn't happen for a few reasons. First of all, terrorists would need access to the virus samples, and the few research laboratories that keep them wold have security measures to guard them.


Also it would be extremely difficult for a group to take the time to produce a large amount of the Variola virus, without being detected.

RESOURCES-

BOOK-

Smith, Austin Edward. The World Book Encyclopedia, S. (1965). United States: Field Education Corporation.

WEB-BASED-

Teens Health Smallpox. (2016). http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/smallpox.htm?WT.ac

WedMD-Smallpox.(2016). www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/smallpox

CDC Smallpox. (2016) http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/vaccination/vaccine.asp