Bill Of Rights
By Brandon Andrews (Pd. 5 Coach Williams 17-Dec-14)
What are the Bill of Rights?
Bill #1 Freedom of Religion and speech
Court Case- Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
The government was attempting to make laws limiting spending in political campaigns by corporations
No laws were created because it would infringe on corporations choice of spending.
Bill #2 Right to bear arms
Governing bodies have the authority to take away the privilege or restrict where arms may be taken.
Court Case- Open carry Texas v. City of Arlington TX
Persons were displaying large Rifles and assault weapons and scaring citizens and obstructing traffic. City arrested persons Other group members claimed it infringed on 2nd amendment rights sued city. Lawsuit was dropped.
Bill #3 Right to Privacy
Court case- Bennett v. Wainwright
Plaintiffs argued that a police raid ended with a resident being shot killed by a state trooper constituted by a illegal occupation.
Bill #4 Unreasonable Search and seizure
Court Case- Katz v. United States
Katz was involved in illegal electronic gambling the telephone was tapped. Katz was caught using the tap. Katz sued against it, he lost the suit because the government has probable cause and warrant.
Bill #5 Double Jeopardy, self incrimination, due process of law
Court Cases- Dolan v. City of Tigard
Applied for permit to expand store and have parking lot, city approved, but required part of it to be used for public use, bike and green way.
Bill #6 Rights of the Accused
Court Case- Johns v. Zerbst
Used counterfeit money, made it required for defendants to have the right to trial
Bill #7 Right to a Jury and trial
Court Case- Tull V. United states
Tull disposed of toxic waste into wetlands and polluted water system. Tull was not provided a jury until the request.
Bill #8 Prevent Cruel or Unusual punishment
"if your gonna do the crime than your gonna do the time.
Court Cases- Trop v. Dulles
Prince Albert Trop escaped from US Army jail in Morocco. Turned himself in the next day, sentenced to three years labor and no pay.
Bill #9 Rights retained by the people
Court cases- Roe v. Wade
Going against Texas anti-abortion laws, lady got pregnant then couldn't financially support new baby
Bill #10 Limiting federal Powers
Court cases- United states V. Lopez
1995, a high school senior had brought a gun into his school. All schools are gun-free zones. He was arrested and charged.