Nickel

by: Elizabeth Johnson

Where is Nickel on the Periodic Table

Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile
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Family

Transition Metals

Group

10

Period

4

Atomic Number

28

Mass

59

Number of protons, neutrons, and electrons

Protons

28

neutrons

31

Electrons

28

symbol

Ni

where is it found in nature?

most nickel is obtained from the mineral pentlandite

uses for nickel

Nickel is important because it forms alloys with several other elements. It’s useful in making corrosive-resistant alloys such as the patented products Invar, Monel, Inconel and the Hastelloys. Tubing made of copper-nickel alloy is extensively used in making desalination plants for converting sea water into fresh water

characteristics of nickel

Nickel is silver in color.

physical and chemical properties

Physical

  • melting point 1453 degrees celsius
  • boiling point 2732 degrees celcius
  • density 8.9 g/cm3
  • nickel is magnetic, hard, malleable, and doctile
Chemical


  • atomic number 28
  • atomic mass 58.71g
  • electronegativity according to Pauling 1.8

date nickel was discovered

1751

where was nickel discovered?

In the mineral niccolite

By who?

Swedish chemist Axel Fredrik Cronstedt

Facts

  • It is a fairly good conductor of heat and electricity.
  • The word nickel is a shortened translation of the German word kupfernickel. Which means copper and the term nickel in German referred to Satan or the devil.
  • Nickel plating is often used to coat other metals for protection. It’s also used in the manufacture of Alnico magnents, ceramics, and in the Edison storage battery

sources