Sam Martin

Biome Description

Location: The Taiga Biome stretches across almost all of Canada, Europe, and Asia. To be exact it is located between fifty degrees latitude North and the Arctic circle. It is the largest of all the six biomes.

General Description: In the winter it is freezing cold, there is ice every where. Yet in the summer it gets very warm and melts. Insects come to lay eggs in the melting water from ice off the mountains, and birds come to lay their eggs in the evergreen trees.

Definition of Taiga Biome: The boreal forest (also known as the taiga, a russian word meaning swampy and moist forest) is found in a nearly continuous belt across North America and Eurasia. Most of Canada and Russia are covered by coniferous trees that make up this biome. This biome is defined by the trees that compose it.

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Abiotic Factors

Weather and Climate: In the taiga the temperature is below freezing for about six months of the year. Although the winters have plenty of snowfall most of the precipitation comes during warmer weather.

Temperature: The low temperature in the winter is about -54'C and the high in the winter is usually about -7'C. Durning the warmer weather the low is about -1'C, and the high is about 21'C.

Precipitation: Usually the precipitation is about 30-85 cm. (12-33 in.) a year, most of that precipitation comes during the warmer weather.

Landforms: There are many mountains and retreating glaciers that have transformed mountains into high plains. But there are still many tall pointy mountains that are huge and beautiful, many people climb these mountains.

Biotic Factors

Animals: Snow and scarcity of food make it difficult for animals to live in the taiga, especially in the winter. Birds such as the bohemiming waxwing, hawks, owls, pine grosebeak, and the red throated loon will migrate south. Mammals such as ermine, eurasian beaver, red squirrel, lynx, and the moose will all hibernate while others adapt with the environment around it.

Plants: Not many plants can survive the extreme cold of the taiga. There are some lichens and mosses but most plants are coniferous trees such as, spruce, hemlock, fir, and evergreen trees.

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