Sudden Infant Death Syndrome- By Shelby Murray

What is SIDS?

SIDS is the abbreviation for sudden infant death syndrome. SIDS is an unexplained death of a healthy infant less than a year old. SIDS received the nickname of “crib death” because the infant normally passes during sleep, in their crib.
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What puts a baby at risk of developing SIDS?

Although the cause of SIDS is unknown, there are many factors that increase the chance of SIDS occurring.

Physical Factors

  • Respiratory Infection- a cold can contribute to breathing problems

  • Brain Abnormalities- the portion of brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep doesn’t function properly

  • Low Birth Weight- premature babies brains may not be fully matured

Sleep Environmental Factors

  • Sleeping on a soft surface- Soft blankets/comforters block child's airway

  • Sleeping with parents- There are more soft surfaces present that impair breathing

  • Sleeping on their stomach/side- may experience difficulty breathing, the infant should sleep on their backs

Risk Factors

  • Family History- Infants with siblings/cousins who have died from SIDS have an increased risk of SIDS

  • Secondhand Smoke- Babies living with smokers have an increased risk of SIDS

  • Race- African Americans are more likely to develop SIDS

  • Sex- boys are more likely to die from SIDS

  • Age- second and third month is the highest risk of SIDS occurring

Maternal Risk Factors- the risk of SIDS increase if the mothers……

  • Uses drugs or alcohol

  • Is younger than 20

  • Smokes cigarettes

  • Has bad prenatal care

Symptoms/Signs and Tests

  • Your child arousal (wake up time) is increased

  • Hyperthermia (increased in body temperature)- when the infant becomes to warm their metabolic activity increases, at a certain temperature point the infant loses the ability to control their breathing.

  • Apnea- breathing stops spontaneously

  • Apparent life threatening events (ALTE)- fast changes in breathing, muscle tone or color

  • SIDS is not predictable or preventable, so tests aren't available

  • However, new studies show newborn's hearing test may prevent SIDS

Ways to Prevent SIDS

  • Don’t overheat the baby- use a lightweight blanket

  • Breastfeed your baby

  • Place baby on their back to sleep- keeps airways open

  • Keep crib bare- don’t place stuffed animals/pillows in crib, it interviews with baby's breathing

  • Offer a pacifier during nap time

  • Baby should sleep alone- prevents suffocation

  • Avoid baby monitors that claim to reduce SIDS- ineffectiveness and safety issues
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Statistics about the disease/and deaths that occur

  • 2,000 infants die yearly from SIDS, which is 45% of all infant deaths

  • Out of 100,000 births, 40 infants die from SIDS

  • 90% of SIDS deaths occur before month 6

  • SIDS is the leading cause of infant death from age 1 month-1 year

  • Rate of infant death from SIDS is dramatically decreasing throughout the years

  • SIDS is diagnosed when all other causes of infant death is ruled out (ex.trauma)
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Steps to take if you think your baby is affected by SIDS

  • Call 911 immediately

  • Make sure your baby makes it to a hospital as soon as possible, medical attention will be needed ASAP

  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on how to reduce SIDS from occurring

Sources Used

"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)." - Mayo Clinic. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

Hitti, Miranda. "Newborn Hearing Test May Predict SIDS." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

"Data and Statistics." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 8 Oct. 2015. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

"Fast Facts About SIDS." Fast Facts About SIDS. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - What Is the Cause of SIDS? - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

"Google Images." Google Images. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.