A Focus on Modeling

Taylor Jager, Section B, February 11, 2015

Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling by Kelley Regan and Sheri Berkeley

Regan, K., & Berkeley, S. (2011). Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling. Intervention in School and Clinic, 47(5), 276-282. Retrieved February 10, 2016.

Basics of Modeling

In order to help students conceptualize and apply new skills and strategies, teachers must incorporate modeling in their lessons. The three steps to be sure of when modeling include being specific, being explicit, and being flexible. Teachers can load students up with different tools, strategies, and techniques but unless they teach them specific instances where it will be handy students will not see the relevance. They also need to learn why that the given technique, strategy, or tool will help them learn. Then the teacher must be explicit with his or her instruction. This process needs to model a how to tutorial. Students need to see step by step instructions. In order to really drive the idea home teachers should use the technique of a think-aloud so students can follow the thought process. Finally, the teacher needs to teach flexibility. Students need to see from the teacher that the strategy does not always apply to specific texts. By teaching students flexibility, they will be able to use process of elimination to find a strategy that works best.


I personally really enjoyed this article as I found it to be insightful as well as useful. Often professional development articles similar to this one just tell you why you should or should not use a strategy in your classroom. This article explicitly states how to use it and gives you examples. I also really enjoyed the easy three step process that is easy to remember that I can recall when I am modeling. Modeling has always been something I was sure I would use in the classroom, but after reading this article I am more aware of the benefits. I also see the importance of using it everyday in the classroom from small assignments to larger projects.


When is modeling a good idea and why?

How will you use modeling in your future classroom? If you won't why not?

How could you reverse the roles of modeling for teachers and students?