Middle Ages Project
Created By: Alexis Chavez
Invented by the Aserians; a heavy beam, originally with an end in the form of a carved ram's head, used for breaching the castle and knocking through part of the stone wall. It had many downfalls to this invention including exposed men to push it and it was a very heavy and expensive to make piece of machinery.
a specialized engine, constructed to protect while men climb the latter approaching the walls of the opponent to then get over the walls safely. In defense against a siege tower they would dig ditches so that they would not be able to approach the wall and many would use heavy artillery some even, if close enough, would set fire to it with flaming arrows or thrown torches.
a machine used in medieval siege warfare for hurling large stones or other missiles into the Castle they were fighting against. The difference between a catapult and a trebuchet is that the trebuchet is actually just a type of catapult; it uses gravity using counterweight or a man pulling it down. This usually included a sling at the end for greater propelled distance.
Life At War
Roman Catholic Church and its Roles during the Middle Ages
The church in the middle ages was a force to be reckoned with. When the Roman Empire collapsed in about 350 CE, people's live were in turmoil. Barbarians from the north were constantly attacking and every day was a struggle. When the Roman Catholic Church was introduced and began to rise in power, it represented a safe haven to almost everyone. The church promised salvation (heaven after death). While day to day life was difficult, people counted on paradise after death. The hierarchy included the pope, cardinals, archbishops, bishops, priests, and Catholics. As popes worked to increase their power, they often came into conflict with kings. For example, kings thought that they should be able to select bishops in their countries. But, popes argued that only they could choose religious officials. The verse between the kings and popes was practically the fight over choosing bishops and abbots for the countries. The church was the power in this time period. Many of the peasants and commoners listened in the hopes of the promise of comfortable afterlife. This was odd because people would listen to the church because of the fact that many could not read and therefore they would listen to all the church said; this may have been the result of undermining acts in the church because they could tell them what laws to obey and even how to behave.
PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT
The bubonic Plague, also known as the Black death is a disease that has spread and is continuing to spread and kill millions all throughout Europe.
Causes and Transmission:
Transmitted through rodents and fleas they occupy them. Fleas have bitten rodents with Y. Pestis, so these fleas are constantly feeling hungry, coming to bite humans and infecting them. CONTAGIOUS, spread through dead people on the streets.
- swelling or bleeding in the Lymph Nodes
- Pain and ache in the joints
- blackening of the ends of fingers etc.
Try for Cure?
Many have tried to cure by prayer, asking God for forgiveness, isolation, urine bathing, leaches, placing dead animals in the home, and pomanders. Though it is said there is no cure, considering the rate of spreading of this tragic disease, anything is worth a try at this point.
**PLEASE READ AND DON'T IGNORE IF YOU ARE HAVING SYMPTOMS, SEE A PROFESSIONAL IMMEDIATELY**
training to be a knight has been an amazing experience, but a lot of hard work. I am 15 years old, and becoming a squire, which is exciting but nerve wracking. I am not learning many strategies anymore or playing chess like I used to. Now I have to learn stuff like staking care of armor and weapons that belong to the knights I am serving. I know that much of the things I am doing is going to help me learn and grow to become a great knight someday, but none of it is as fun as the young noble days; we used to sword fight everyday. But the one thing I really do like is taking care of the warhorse. I love animals and I enjoy preparing the horse for my knight to take off into battle- the warfare becomes such a reality. Being a squire is so new, but I am still getting used to it, and for the most part, enjoying all parts... in different ways that is. I love hearing the interesting stories and experiences that my knight shares with me as well. I'm so excited to become a knight myself!
A young squire