Southern Colonies

Virginia, Maryland, NC, SC, and Georgia

Virginia

  • Founded by John Smith in 1607
  • Cash Crop- Tobacco
  • Was Corporate but became Royal
  • House of Burgess
  • Population- At least 6,000
  • Many immigrants were Germans
  • Anglican
  • Virginians not tolerant of non-Christian religions
  • Line between religious and civil authority blurred

Maryland

  • Founded by George Calvert in 1634
  • Cash Crop- Tobacco
  • Proprietary
  • Self Governed
  • Population- Somewhere between 26,500 to 31,000
  • Immigrants primarily British
  • Inhabited by The Nanticoke tribe, the Powhatan tribe, and The Susquehannock tribe
  • Maryland Toleration act

NC

SC

  • Founded by the 8 Lord Proprietors in 1663
  • Cash Crop- Rice and Indigo
  • Proprietary
  • No, they were a small community
  • At least 29 distinct groups of Indians lived within South Carolina
  • German and Scotch-Irish
  • Santa Elena
  • Anglican
  • Used Indigo to color textile

Georgia

  • Founded by James Edward Oglethorpe in 1732
  • Cash Crop- Rice
  • Royal
  • Population- Over 9,000
  • Immigrants to colonial Georgia came from a vast array of regions around the Atlantic basin
  • Just a buffer colony for the Spanish
  • Anglican