The Causes of the Civil War
By Harrison Brode and Thien-Son Ton
The Missouri Compromise of 1820
What is it?- Missouri wanted to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine wanted to enter as a free state. John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay created the Missouri Compromise to settle the issue. Decision: Creation of the Missouri Compromise line. Region south of 36, 30 longitude would be open to slavery.
Northern point of view on the issue- Realized that slavery was becoming more and more of an issue since that more arguments was made when the western U.S expanded.
Southern point of view on the issue- Crisis: Reawakened old fears that the North’s point of view represented a critical threat to slavery.
Map of the Missouri Compromise
Compromise of 1850
What is it?- Henry Clay and Daniel Webster created the Compromise. It said that California would enter as a free state and Utah and New Mexico would vote it determine if they were going to be a free or slave state. Also the Fugitive slave law will be passed and slave trade in Washington D.C will be prohibited.
Northern point of view on the issue- Approved, maintained goal to preserve the Union, 0 support of Fugitive Slave Law portion
Southern point of view on the issue- approved, warned that breakdown of the agreement would result in secession, supported the Fugitive Slave Law portion
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
What is it?- Declared that all runaway slaves will be brought back to their masters.
Northern point of view on the issue-Worried African American living in the North. Thousands of African American went to Canada to escape potential prosecution under the FSA. Brought the issue of slavery into the North. Abolitionists were very vocal in their dislike… did not use violence.
Southern point of view on the issue- Pleased with the Fugitive Slave law.
Fugitive Slave Law picture
Uncle Tom’s Cabin(1852)
What is it?- A novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that showed the extreme cruelties of slavery and created widespread support for anti-slavery across the North
Northern point of view on the issue- They thought that the system that the south used for slaves was wrong and very cruel.
Southern point of view on the issue- They thought it was made up abolitionist propaganda that would be used to end slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
What is it?- A compromise proposed by Illinois Senator, Stephen A. Douglas who wanted favor from Southern Democrats. It allowed the Kansas and Nebraska territories popular sovereignty about slavery.
Northern point of view on the issue- The Northerners were outraged because it repealed the Missouri Compromise. The Northerners didn't want this because it meant that states above the 36, 30 line could be slave states.
Southern point of view on the issue- They were very pleased with the turn of events.
Dred Scott Decision
What is it?- A Missouri slave, named Dred Scott, sued for his freedom after living with his owner on North soil. This caught the attention of the Supreme Court.
Northern point of view on the issue-Was dismayed because the Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled that slaves were property and wasn’t citizens.
Southern point of view on the issue-Overjoyed because the case won in their favor which was Slaves were property, They were not Citizens, so they couldn't wear suit in court.
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
What is it?- When John Brown and his followers seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. They hoped to stir a slave revolt in Virginia and end slavery.
Northern point of view on the issue-Very sad because John Brown was executed for fighting for slavery.
Southern point of view on the issue- Happy because they eliminated an abolitionist leader.
Election of 1860
What is it?- The election of Abraham Lincoln, he was opposed to slavery, but promised to let the states that already allowed slaves, keep slaves
Northern point of view on the issue- was happy because an non slave president was elected into office.
Southern point of view on the issue-They were outraged because a non slave president was elected into office so North Carolina Seceded from the Union.